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Quora:印度国防预算很高,为什么现代战争依然打不过中国?

Why does India lag behind China in modern warfare methods, despite having a large defense budget?

印度国防预算庞大,为什么现代战争打法依然落后中国?

【美版知乎quora网贴翻译

Balaji Viswanathan, Knowledge lover.
Answered Oct 30, 2014
User has already shown that India's defense budgets are quite small by world standards. China officially spends more than 4 times the Indian budget and unofficially probably even more. If you spend $150 billion more every year, of course you will build a very formidable advantage.
That said, India is no pushover either.

按世界标准算,印度国防预算很少。中国军费是印度军费的4倍,非官方的可能更多。如果每年花超过1500亿美元,当然会创造非常强大的优势。即便如此,印度也不容易被击败。

BrahMos might bring a formidable advantage for India. In 5 minutes it can destroy a warship sailing 300 kilometers away. BrahMos set to become a “Super Rocket”. This is an ultra modern weapon.
India has more aircraft carriers than China. In various Naval tech, India has been building significant advantage, although overall Chinese navy is still strong. India's Growing Blue Water Capabilities

布拉莫斯导弹可能会给印度带来优势。布拉莫斯能在5分钟内摧毁300公里外的军舰。布拉莫斯将成为“超级火箭”,这是一种超现代武器。

印度航母比中国航母多。在各种海军技术中,印度建立了巨大的优势,尽管中国海军的实力仍然很强。

印度不断壮大远洋打击能力。

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The money we are spending on ISRO is dual use. In the past few years, India has launched multiple "spy" satellites & those built for military advantage - Technology Experiment Satellite, GSAT-7, RISAT-1, RISAT-2, Cartosat-1, Cartosat-2, Cartosat-2A, Cartosat-2B. India's spy satellite boost. The upcoming Cartosat-3 has a resolution around 25 cm and might even detect what object you are holding in your hand right now.
With the launch of INS Arihant in August, India now has the nuclear triad complete. This is INS Arihant, First Made-in-India Nuclear Submarine

在过去几十年内,印度已经发射了多个“间谍”卫星,这些卫星为军事创造优势,还有技术试验卫星,GSAT-7, RISAT-1, RISAT-2, Cartosat-1, Cartosat-2, Cartosat-2A, Cartosat-2B。即将到来的 Cartosat-3的分辨率约为25厘米,甚至能检测出现在你手中拿着什么东西。

今年8月,随着INS Arihant的推出,现在印度已经完成了核三位。这是INS Arihant,印度制造的第一艘核潜艇。

Here is a head to head comparison of India and Chinese militaries. World Military Strength Comparison. China on an average is about twice as strong as India, but that is not enough to win a war if it is on the offensive. And Indian establishment is building top tech to avoid any major war reaching India.
68k Views · 1,943 Upvotes · Answer requested by Prateep Basu

中印军事对比。按一般讲,中国比印度强2倍。如果中国发动进攻,也不足以赢得战争。印度建设最高级设施是为了避免重大战争。

 译文来源:Quora中文网 http://quora123.com/460.html

Arihant Sharma, works at Oceaneering International
Answered May 11
I once got a chance to travel with a Retired Brigadier from Chandi garh to Delhi, by train. The 4 hours journey was quite insightful. I asked him a similar question : Where do we stand against China?
What he said was, that these days, wars are not fought in the fields. Nor just in air or water either. Doesn't mean that Army, Air Force and Navy are not required. He said, these carriers, missiles, jets, tanks - all are great for intimidation. But you don't want to be using them.

我曾经有幸与一位退休准将一道从昌迪加尔坐火车到德里。4小时的旅程让我印象深刻。我问了他一个类似问题:我们如何对抗中国?

他说,当前战争不是在战场上进行的,也不是在空中或水域中进行。不是说不需要海陆空军。他说,这些航母、导弹、战机、坦克,都是很好的威慑,但你不会想去使用它们。

The cyber capabilities of a country hold much more in today's scenario. Just imagine, if you could hack into a country's banks, share markets or defense databases. You can cripple the country without firing a single missile.
That's one of the reasons China is so closed about its internet. Also, they keep displaying their prowess by hacking into the government networks of USA.

当今情况下,一个国家掌握更多的网络能力,想象一下,如果你能侵入一个国家的银行、股票市场或国防数据库,你就能在不发射一颗导弹的情况下摧毁这个国家。

这就是中国如此封闭网络的原因之一。而且,他们还入侵美国政服网络来展现他们的实力。

So that is one area we need to keep an eye on. I feel there should be a bigger emphasis from the government's side to prepare a cyber army (which they must already be doing). Would be even better if we can make use of the large Indian IT workforce in this regard. We have the talent. It's waiting to be given a direction.
63.3k Views · 1,930 Upvotes

这就是我们需要关注的领域。我觉得政服应该更加重视,准备一支网络部队(他们肯定已经这么做了)。如果在这方面,我们能利用印度庞大的IT劳动力,那就更好了。我们有人才。


Jay Desai, studies at Sydenham Institute of Management Studies, Research and Entrepreneurship Education (2019)
Answered Jun 3
We lag behind China because ;
Relatively Lower Budget : Our budget is low when we compare it to China. Its military budget is of $150 billion which is three times of India's budget.
China’s defence budget set to cross $150 billion, three times that of India

我们落后中国,因为:

相对较低的预算:相比中国,我们的预算很低。中国军事预算是1500亿美元,是印度军事预算的3倍。

Home Grown Technology : China has a good home grown weapons industry. India is also trying to catch up with ‘Make In India' programme but it still lags behind.
Lost Decade of Purchases : India made no big purchases during 10 years of UPA Government. But, NDA is catching up with quick deals of Rafale jets, howitzers and Comabat choppers.
The worst defence minister ever: AK Antonys tenure, the longest for a defence minister
Image Source : Google.
5.1k Views · 357 Upvotes

国产技术:中国有更先进的国产兵工厂。印度也努力用“印度制造”计划赶上,但仍然落后。

错失10年:国大党政服执政10年期间,印度没有大规模购买军火。但人民党政服正快速采购“阵风”战机、榴弹炮、战斗机。

有史以来最糟糕的国防部长:AK Antonys,印度任期最长的国防部长。

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