Why is there less immigration in China?
Paul Denlinger, Have lived in China, Taiwan and Hong Kong; fluent in Mandarin (written, spoken)
Answered Sep 24
Highly competitive education environment. If you think that your child can survive by being ordinary in China, your poor child has already lost the race for a good job and future. Chinese society is INTENSELY competitive in ways most foreigners don’t see, and is an important reason why many Chinese choose to leave China. Many Chinese say that China is like a crab pot, where the crabs crawl on top of each other so that they can escape (overseas).
Laws and regulations can change quickly, and you will have no say in their change, but you will have to live with the consequences no matter what you think of the change. What has recently happened in China with Bitcoin and crypto-currencies is the most recent example.
In the US, if you are super-rich, you can buy the lawyers to write the laws which the congress will pass, and you can help someone get elected as president who will be in your pocket. Then they will lower your taxes and make the middle class pay higher taxes. This makes it really good to be super-rich in the US. Doesn’t work that way in China. In fact, if you try to do that in China, there is a good chance that you will be called in for an “interview”, and you might disappear. This has happened to several of the super-rich this year in China. In China, the guy who tells the security services what to do wins.
Think that you can emigrate to China, not learn the language, not work and collect welfare? Sorry, China doesn’t work that way. Have you thought of the EU or Canada instead?
One reason Chinese who can afford it choose to emigrate to the US is NOT because of freedom and democracy, but US society is MUCH less competitive than Chinese society, yet also offers excellent schools, universities and career prospects.
Because most white people in the US are much less competitive (most white people still believe in the myth that you can be anyone you want and still succeed, and even not have a plan) than Chinese, the Chinese don’t have to compete nearly as hard as they would have to in China and their child will still make it into very good schools and universities.
In addition, their child will become bilingual and bicultural, which a child in China will not have an opportunity to become, and will meet future leaders at their school and university.
Can’t beat that!
This is why the US still has attraction no matter how awful the politics becomes.
Answered Sep 24
Not considering forced displacement or expatriate work assignments, the general pattern of international migration is still a move from low-income regions to high-income regions.
If you consider median per capita income, China is still at the lower side. (Income Data from Gallup, 2013 ; Immigration Data from UN 2015 ):
PRC: 978 thousand international migrants, $1,796
US, 47 million international migrants, $15,480
Germany, 12 million international migrants, $14,098
UK, 8.5 million international migrants: $12,399
Taking into account all the other socioeconomic factors that others have mentioned, emigrating to China is costly process and will bring relatively low returns.
 Worldwide, Median Household Income About $10,000