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Quora:为什么中国的移民很少?

Why is there less immigration in China?

为什么中国的移民很少?

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译文来源:Quora中文网 http://www.quora123.com/192.html

美版知乎Quora讨论:

Paul Denlinger, Have lived in China, Taiwan and Hong Kong; fluent in Mandarin (written, spoken)
Answered Sep 24
Highly competitive education environment. If you think that your child can survive by being ordinary in China, your poor child has already lost the race for a good job and future. Chinese society is INTENSELY competitive in ways most foreigners don’t see, and is an important reason why many Chinese choose to leave China. Many Chinese say that China is like a crab pot, where the crabs crawl on top of each other so that they can escape (overseas).

曾住中国大陆、港台,普通话流利。

高度竞争的教育环境,如果你认为你的孩子能够在中国生活得普通,你可怜的娃儿已经输掉了好的工作和好的未来的竞赛了。中国社会高度竞争,这让很多外国人不解,这就是为什么很多中国人选择离开中国。很多中国人说,中国就像一个螃蟹锅,螃蟹爬在其他人上面,这样他们就可以逃到海外了。

Laws and regulations can change quickly, and you will have no say in their change, but you will have to live with the consequences no matter what you think of the change. What has recently happened in China with Bitcoin and crypto-currencies is the most recent example.
In the US, if you are super-rich, you can buy the lawyers to write the laws which the congress will pass, and you can help someone get elected as president who will be in your pocket. Then they will lower your taxes and make the middle class pay higher taxes. This makes it really good to be super-rich in the US. Doesn’t work that way in China. In fact, if you try to do that in China, there is a good chance that you will be called in for an “interview”, and you might disappear. This has happened to several of the super-rich this year in China. In China, the guy who tells the security services what to do wins.

法律法规可以快速改变,你对它们的改变没有发言权,但无论你如何看待改变,你都要忍受它们的结果。最近在中国发生的比特币和加密货币是最近的例子。

在美国,如果你是超级富豪,你可以买通律师们撰写法律,国会会通过,你可以选择在你掌控中的人为总统。然后他们会降低你的税收,让中产阶级缴纳更高的税。这对美国超级富豪非常好。中国就不能这么做了。实际上,如果你试着在中国这么做,你会被叫去“谈话”,然后你可能会消失。今年在中国的一些超级富豪身上发生过这种情况。在中国,告诉安全部门要做什么才会赢。

Think that you can emigrate to China, not learn the language, not work and collect welfare? Sorry, China doesn’t work that way. Have you thought of the EU or Canada instead?
One reason Chinese who can afford it choose to emigrate to the US is NOT because of freedom and democracy, but US society is MUCH less competitive than Chinese society, yet also offers excellent schools, universities and career prospects.

你想移民去中国,不学习语言,不工作,然后领取福利?对不起了,中国不是这样的。你换欧洲或加拿大考虑?

有能力的中国人选择移民到美国的原因之一,不是因为自由和民主,而是因为美国社会比中国社会竞争更少,同时也提供优秀的学校、大学和职业前景。

Because most white people in the US are much less competitive (most white people still believe in the myth that you can be anyone you want and still succeed, and even not have a plan) than Chinese, the Chinese don’t have to compete nearly as hard as they would have to in China and their child will still make it into very good schools and universities.
In addition, their child will become bilingual and bicultural, which a child in China will not have an opportunity to become, and will meet future leaders at their school and university.
Can’t beat that!
This is why the US still has attraction no matter how awful the politics becomes.

因为大多数美国白人(大多数白人仍相信那个神话,你想就能成,甚至不需要计划)比中国人更缺乏竞争力,(海外的)中国人不用像他们在中国时必要的那样竞争,他们的孩子仍可以进入非常好的学校。

再者,他们的孩子将变成双语和双文化,这在中国的孩子没机会成为,并在学校见到未来的领导。

这就是为什么无论美国的政治多糟糕,美国仍然具有吸引力。

 

Peter Niu
Answered Sep 24
Not considering forced displacement or expatriate work assignments, the general pattern of international migration is still a move from low-income regions to high-income regions.
If you consider median per capita income, China is still at the lower side. (Income Data from Gallup, 2013[1] ; Immigration Data from UN 2015[2] ):
PRC: 978 thousand international migrants, $1,796
US, 47 million international migrants, $15,480
Germany, 12 million international migrants, $14,098
UK, 8.5 million international migrants: $12,399
Taking into account all the other socioeconomic factors that others have mentioned, emigrating to China is costly process and will bring relatively low returns.
Footnotes
[1] Worldwide, Median Household Income About $10,000
[2] http://www.un.org/en/development...

不考虑强制性的迁移或外派的话,一般移民模式还是从一个低工资的地区转移到高工资。如果你考虑平均收入,中国仍然是低收入的一方。

盖洛普2013年的收入数据;2015年联合国移民数据——

中国,978万国际移民,1796美元

美国,4700万国际移民,15480美元

德国,1200万国际移民,14098美元

英国,850万国际移民,12399美元

考虑到其他人所提到的其他社会经济因素,移民到中国是一个代价高昂的过程,而且会带来相对较低的回报。

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