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中国威胁制裁美国企业:这将成为常态吗?

2016-02-07 15:05 48个评论 字号:

China threatens sanctions against U.S. companies: Is this the future?

中国威胁制裁美国企业:这将成为常态吗?

Jan 27 (Reuters) – China’s recent threat to impose sanctions on U.S. defense companies that sell arms to Taiwan should come as no surprise to American officials or corporate executives: Washington has been issuing sanctions of these sorts for years. It was only a matter of time before U.S. competitors started copying its tactics.

路透社——中国最近威胁要制裁向台湾出售武器的美国军火商,这对美国官员或者企业经理来说应该不足为奇:美国早就这么做了。美国竞争者效仿美国是迟早的事情。

Regardless of whether China follows through on its threat, Washington needs to be ready for a new normal in which the United States must defend against sanctions as well as impose them.

不论中国是否真的会贯彻自己所发出的威胁,美国都要为这种新常态做好准备:不仅自己要作出制裁,同时也要做好准备以应对其他国家的类似制裁。

China is taking a page from the sanctions playbook Washington developed against Iran. Between 2010 and 2015, the United States effectively gave companies a choice: If they did prohibited business with Iran, like buying oil, they would get cut off from doing any business in the United States. Forced to choose between access to the world’s most important financial system and an Iranian market less than 1/30th the size, most companies stuck with Washington and avoided Tehran.

中国从美国针对伊朗的制裁中学到了一手。2010年到2015年间,美国让企业进行抉择:如果企业和伊朗进行遭禁止的交易,比如购买石油,那么这些企业就不能在美国做生意。是要进入世界最重要的金融体系呢,还是进入规模只有美国三十分之一的伊朗市场呢,大部分公司都选择了华盛顿,而不是德黑兰。

China’s threat mirrors this approach – trying to force U.S. companies to choose between defense sales to Taiwan and access to a Chinese economy that is nearly 20 times larger. While U.S. companies do not currently sell military equipment to China, many U.S. defense contractors do sell civilian passenger aircraft, aviation parts and other civilian equipment in China and could find their ability to continue those sales cut off by Beijing.

北京的威胁类似于此——强迫美国企业在向台湾出售武器和进入是台湾市场20倍的中国市场之间进行选择。虽然美国企业现在还没有向中国销售武器,但是美国很多的国防承包商确实有向中国销售民用飞机,航空部件以及其他的民用设备,所以主动权依然掌握在北京手上。

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评论翻译:

译者:跑龙套
来源:龙腾网 http://www.ltaaa.com/bbs/thread-390904-1-1.html
外文:https://www.yahoo.com/finance/news/column-china-threatens-sanctions-against-185426817.html

pedro 2 hours ago
It was a mistake doing business w China. Greedy bastids will cut off their nose to spite their face.

和中国交易根本就是个错误。这些贪婪的混蛋将自讨苦吃。

 

ksm 6 minutes ago
China’s economy is going down the drain (and the CCP has gone nuts).
Factories are going bankrupt because of shrinking business and huge business debts. People are losing job.
Then obviously, there will not be any “big market in china” that people have been tricked to believe coming.

中国经济每况愈下。
因为交易下降以及巨大的公司债务,导致很多中国工厂倒闭。人们找不到工作。
所以中国将不会有所谓的“大市场“。

 

Saru 5 hours ago
Sounds like Insurance companies should start selling sanction insurance.There is always a way to profit off problems real or perceived…

看来保险公司要开始卖制裁保险了。任何问题,不管是现实存在的还是想象中的,当中都存在着有利可图的机会。

 

Victor 4 hours ago
Lets say Washington goes ahead and develops global standards for WHEN to use commercial sanctions against foreign companies and foreign countries, and what type. Will Washington then apply those standards to see if IT followed those SAME standards in the case of Iran ? If it did not, will it compensate Iran for all those years of suffering ?

我想说的是,美国可以在什么时候以及怎样制裁外国和外国企业方面制定一个全球标准。然后华盛顿会利用这套标准来审视自己在制裁伊朗方面是否履行了这套标准吗?如果没有,那美国会赔偿伊朗多年来所遭受的痛苦吗?

 

pl 3 hours ago
these sanctions are meaningless because none of them can export their products to china unless they get special government approval.

这些制裁是毫无意义的,因为这些企业无法出口产品到中国,除非得到政府的特殊批准。



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