外文标题：How India lags China in submarine race
NEW DELHI: A recent visit by an advanced Chinese Yuan-class submarine to Karachi after traversing the Arabian Sea worried Indian authorities concerned about China's growing undersea-warfare capabilities — more than four times as large as India's.
The submarine, with 65 crew, spent a week in Karachi, refuelling and restocking, before sailing back to China. Yuan-class submarines are diesel-electric, but unlike Indian conventional submarines, which must surface to "breathe" and charge batteries, they are capable of staying submerged for weeks.
India now plans to lease a second nuclear attack submarine from Russia and the government has just approved a Rs 90,000-crore ($14 billion) plan to build six nuclear attack submarines in Vishakapatnam. But as Vice Admiral P Murugesan, the vice chief of naval staff, told The Economic Times last week: "We have started work, but we are still at the pen-to-paper stage."
India is rushing to counter China by building conventional and nuclear submarines with German, French and Russian help. But China's lead is large and growing and it plans to export its undersea expertise.
Particularly disconcerting for India are reports that China plans to sell eight Yuan-class submarines to Pakistan, at a time when Indian submarine forces are, according to this report, in "a state of crisis" and the country jittery about Chinese submarine power.
A conventional Chinese submarine berthed at Colombo's port twice during 2014, sparking concern in India, leading to a Sri Lankan assurance it would not do anything against Indian interests.
Chinese navy clearly ahead of India
India has 14 submarines — including one nuclear attack submarine, INS Chakra, leased from Russia in 2012 for 10 years — against China's 68 and Pakistan's five.
Most of India's conventional submarines are more than 20 years old and are reaching the end of their service life, according to this report by the parliamentary standing committee on defence (2014-15), which said it was "dismayed" at the "snails-pace" of commissioning naval vessels.
The Indian Navy has commissioned two submarines and de-commissioned five over the last 15 years, defence minister Manohar Parikkar said in a reply in the Rajya Sabha.
China launched or commissioned more than 60 naval ships and craft in 2014. A similar number is expected through the end of 2015.
The Indian Navy has 141 vessels, including 127 surface ships and 14 submarines. The Chinese navy has more than 300 surface combatants, submarines, amphibious ships and missile-armed patrol craft.
2 hrs ago
Why can't India place an order with China to manufacture submarines on condition that they will be manufactured in India within a specific short period.
kevinimorton kevinimorton () 2 hrs ago
China's goal is too one day RULE the world. We on the other hand are still finding it difficult to RULE OURSELVES.
Anthony Morais (Internet)
These assets can become obsolete with changes in technology so it is important for India to build a corp of capable scientists and engineers to ensure that India can design and manufacture the next generation of ships and subs. Leasing old technology from Russia is an act of desperation and very costly as well.
3 hrs ago
India has to involve private players to build submarines to catch up the Chinese numbers as the public sector is not able to make them fast
3 hrs ago
INDIA LAGS CHINA IN EVERY RACE
Surya () 4 hrs ago
china is a superpower and is generations ahead of India militarily so it is foolish to compare India with china. in today's world waging war is not so simple given India's market and spending capacity. so technically war with china is not probable in any near future. India should spend more on healthcare and education rather than on submarines.
4 hrs ago
all these reports never mention the age of chinese submarines.
(Melbourne, Victoria, Aus)
5 hrs ago
when Indians compare everything with China, I hardly see any Chinese in China compare China with India (I am from Australia and working in China atm). Few years ago they look up the US, now they are laughing at the US.
6 hrs ago
India needs to discuss this problem with US, they may give the technology.