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美媒:中国特大城市的数量远超你的想象

美国雅虎,中国特大城市的数量远超你的想象.中国究竟有多少座特大型城市?联合国表述有6座,但正朝着15座迈进。35年来,中国城市化正以惊人的速度增长,有超过5亿人融入到这些城市中。值此,似乎全世界都大大低估了中国特大城市增长的规模和范围,且这些中国城市规模远超特大城市所定义的千万人口数量,据巴黎经济合作与发展组织一项新的报告显示。本次研究是根据城市功能性的城市地区而非政府行政区域作为分析基础。

译者:bluebit
来源:龙腾网 http://www.ltaaa.com/bbs/thread-343686-1-1.html
外文:http://finance.yahoo.com/news/china-even-more-megacities-thought-173826640.html


5

China Has Even More Megacities Than You Thought

中国特大城市的数量远超你的想象

By Flavia Krause-Jackson8hours ago

How many megacitiesdoes China have? The United Nations putsit at six. Try 15.

China is urbanizing at astaggering rate—in 35 years, it has added more than 500 millionpeople to its cities. As a result, it looks like the world has vastlyunderestimated the size and scope of growth in China's megacities, defined asthose with more than 10 million people, according to a new reportby the Paris-based Organization for Economic Cooperation& Development.

The researchused analysis based on functional urban areas, rather thancities defined by administrative borders. Besides such better-known placesas Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Beijing, the new list includes Harbin, anortheast city with a renowned annual ice andsnow sculpture festival, and Nanjing, a former capital city thatsits on the Yangtze River.

China's rapid economicgrowth, relative to the rest of the world, is one reason for the pace ofurbanization, which has raised the living standards of millions ofChinese. And the bigger the city, the more each person produces ineconomic output, the OECD finds.

Size isn't everything,though. While you're more productive in the big city—er, megacity—the fastest economic growth byChinese standards is happening in areas with populations of 1.5 million to 5million people.

Rapid urbanization comes ata hefty price, however. Air pollution contributes to about 350,000 deaths ayear in China, according to OECD estimates. Among the 112 Chinese citiesincluded in the World Health Organization's Ambient Air Pollution inCities Database 2014, only 22 are below the world average level of smallerparticles.

中国究竟有多少座特大型城市?联合国表述有6座,但正朝着15座迈进。

35年来,中国城市化正以惊人的速度增长,有超过5亿人融入到这些城市中。

值此,似乎全世界都大大低估了中国特大城市增长的规模和范围,且这些中国城市规模远超特大城市所定义的千万人口数量,据巴黎经济合作与发展组织一项新的报告显示。

本次研究是根据城市功能性的城市地区而非政府行政区域作为分析基础。除了广为人知的地区,如上海,广州,和北京,新名单还囊括了,每年举行冰雕节而闻名的东北城市——哈尔滨,位于长江河畔的著名省会城市——南京。

相对世界其它地区,中国经济的迅速增长是推进城镇化的其中一个原因,城镇化提升了中国百姓的生活水平。经合组织发现,城市规模越大,每个人所创造出的经济贡献就越大。

但,规模并非是万能的(并不是说规模越大越好)。虽说城市越大你就越具有创造性,但按照中国的标准,人口介于150万至500万的大型城市,经济增长最为迅速。

无论怎样,城市化的快速发展所付出的代价是高昂的。据经合组织初步统计,在中国,每年死于空气污染的约有35万人。在2014年录入世界卫生组织环境空气污染的城市数据库里,中国的112座城市中,只有22座城市(空气中)的微小颗粒低于世界平均水平。

以下是美国雅虎读者的评论



HTNM 40 minutes ago 0 0
Note to all other developed and developing nations,eventually you WILL be saying GOOD BYE to even the primitive of basics.

发现所有其他的发达和发展中国家,到最后都会对落后的本质说拜拜了。

 
P
PsiaKrew 6 hours ago 2 1
"Among the 112 Chinese cities includedin the World Health Organization's Ambient Air Pollution in Cities Database2014, only 22 are below the world average level of smaller particles."
True and sad. Also true: Other thanAmericans Chinese know that it is a real bad thing to abuse nature for the sakeof profit, and therefore they are working on improving that picture, very muchunlike the USA (e.g. fracking).

既诚实又悲哀,所说的诚实是指:中国人同美国人的区别是,他们知道为了赚钱而去破坏大自然确实是一件不光彩的事,所以他们在力图改善,如图,跟美国完全不同(比如:液压破碎法)(注:fracking 提取页岩油的一种技术,对环境破坏很大)。

 
Joe 3 days ago 0 3
The better question should be "howmany mega Detroit like cities does China have?" The answer: NONE.

最好应该这样问“中国到底有多少座像底特律那样的城市”,回答是:一个都没有

 
Sherluck 2 days ago 0 0
How many mega cities like Detroit will theUSA have in 10 years?

10年内美国会出现多少座类似底特律那样的城市?

 
IC 3 days ago 1 1
You don't have to pay the dead.

死了就不必还了

 
TEN-OF-WANDS 4 days ago 2 0
They forgot WASHINGTON DC, recently underCHINESE ownership due to actions of the FED.
More
Collapse Replies (8) Reply

大家可别忘了首都华盛顿了,拜美联储所赐,它都快被中国人拿下啦。

 
H
HT 4 days ago 0 1
FACT: as of end of October 2014 China owned7.2% of US government debt. Japan owned 7.0%. and 65.6% is owned domestically.Away with your worthless and blatant fearmongering.

可是事实:截止到2014年10月,中国拥有7.2%的美国国债,日本拥有7.0%,而65.6%的是由我们自己持有。收起你那一套,别瞎制造恐慌了

 
T
TEN-OF-WANDS 3 days ago 1 0
IC = Interesting Comment.

IC(注:指楼上ID)= 一针见血

 
A
Arthur 3 days ago 0 2
HT Intelligent and informed comments. As ofthis week, Japan owns more U.S. debt than China. Did anyone notice the earthshake when that happened? Nope.

HT的评论即智慧又灵通,截至本周,日本所持有的美国国债超过了中国,谁还能记起引起全球震动是什么时候了吗?没人吧。

 
H
HT 3 days ago 0 1
Oh I should also say that you seem to beconfused on exactly what the Fed does or how quantitative easing works. QEworks when the Fed buys US Treasury debt from the government which enables thegovernment to put that money into circulation thus monetizing the debt. Thedebt itself is held by the Federal Reserve and dividend from the interest ispaid out to member banks with the remainder returned back to the US Treasury bylaw. China has nothing to do with this process whose intent is to increase themonetary supply. In fact, the purchase of US debt by the Fed acts to increasedemand for US Treasuries and decrease theiryield which makes its returns less attractive to other investors and buyers ofdebt like China. So the actions of the Fed technically discourages China frombuying more US debt.

嗯~我再说两句,你可能对美联储如何运作或怎么去量化宽松不太清楚。QE是从政府手里买下美国国债,这样政府就会让资金注入流动性把债务货币化。债务本身是由联邦储备持有,所产生的利息支付给银行,剩余的将依法返给美国财政部。中国并没参与这个过程,他们的目的是为了超发货币。事实上,美联储买美国国债的举动是为了加大对美国国债的需求,还能减小利息、降低其他投资者或类似中国买家从中得利的欲望。所以,美联储是在通过技术手段阻止中国购买更多的美国国债。

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