'Too much democracy' a stumbling block forland bill in India, feel Chinese
NEW DELHI: Even as members of theOpposition and the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party slug it out over the LandAcquisition Bill in Parliament, the Chinese believe that is precisely theproblem with India - "too much democracy."
During a visit to Xi'an in Shanxi province in China last week, ET learnt howthe country developed its Land Use Rights System and overcame issues such asacquisition of property, especially from farmers, to continue with its rapidgrowth. "There are deadlines given to the farmers. If they do not givetheir consent by then, the State is authorised to acquire that land," WangMenghao, Project Manager of Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) of Xi'anHi-tech Industries Development Zone (XHTZ) told ET.
According to him, India faces this problem and is unable to get the law on landacquisition in place because it follows the democratic system. This was alsothe general view of other officials and experts in China.
"It is natural that people will not like to part with their land happily.In China, the land belongs to the state and people do not have an option beyonda point. The state can take back its land at any time. In India, it getscomplicated because of the system and processes," Menghao said.
Displaced farmers are offered alternative plots in lieu of the land acquired bythe government. "The compensation could also include money and jobs,"he added. Spread over 307 square km, the XHTZ was established in 1991 as one ofthe earliest Chinese science parks at the national level.
Regarded as one of the most successful of the 114 national high-tech zones inthe country, an economic zone within this was approved in 2009. This is whereChina wants to develop a software city like Bengaluru. XHTZ officials saidthere were bound to be some protests when people are asked to move out of anarea where they have lived for years.
"When land has to be acquired by the government, an information sign isgenerally put up in the village as an announcement.
Villagers are then required to complain within a week if they have a problem.If they do not come forward to complain, it is assumed they have agreed to theland transfer," explained an official.
As in India, farmers in China don't deal with investors directly. The land isfirst acquired by the state for "public interest" and then sold tothe developer or investor. There was no social impact assessment, either.Manghao said the state takes care of displaced farmers and communities. He saidmany of them are offered jobs in the industries that came up on the land.
"The government offers education and training to the people so that theycan either work there or get a job somewhere else and be self-sufficient,"he explained.
In addition, there are provisions for skilling and micro-finance to encouragedisplaced people to set up their own small-scale industrial units, he said.
Indian has too much democracy and china hastoo much authoritarian rule.
Lets do same in India. Lets put displacedpeople in Army and settle in Indian Outposts all over World.
1 Day ago
This is a planned news to try and changeopinion of people in favour of forced acquisitions . We are not China andshould not even emulate the practices of an autocratic society
K GSurendran (ps)
It is not too much democracy but too MANYPOLITICAL PARTIES, haven't we heard about too many cooks spoiling the broth,muddying the waters with the principal culprit being the Congress which is keento keep large sections in penury by encouraging the dole culture. In UPA 2 theylooted the country with scams that brought India international disrepute andnow they are posing as champions of farmers when for 60 years farming as apercentage of GDP has not only come down but there has been farmer suicideswhich the party could not stem.
Yes; it is not very comfortable for thepeople at the top. They have to take the people along with them, and guarantee,inter alia, freedom of expression. Even in old established democracies, rulingelites find the freedoms irksome and look for ways to get rid of them!