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科技战场:印度可以向中国学习的经验

科技是当今世界竞争的主战场。然而印度在高科技需求方面变得越来越依靠其他国家。相较而言,中国拥有显著的优势。我们应该向我们的邻国学习以下诀窍:中国积极采用复制科技的战略。实际上,很多科技发达的国家都曾经历过这个阶段。印度也需要像他们一样跨过这道坎。中国兼顾发展本土改革所需的软硬实力。发展改革的软实力也一样重要,包括市场改革和创业能力。印度的邻国已经实施了一定规模的教育改革,以提高教育质量,还有其教育体系的质量和能力。

译者:chuhao123
来源:龙腾网 http://www.ltaaa.com/bbs/thread-142668-1-1.html
外文:http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2013-02-15/news/37119260_1_innovation-capabilities-market-reforms-china


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Tech Battleground: Lessons that India can learn from China

科技战场:印度可以向中国学习的经验

Technology is the battleground in today's competitive world. Yet India is becoming increasingly dependent on others for its hi-tech requirements. On the other hand, China has made significant advances. Here are a few tricks we could learn from our neighbour:

科技是当今世界竞争的主战场。然而印度在高科技需求方面变得越来越依靠其他国家。相较而言,中国拥有显著的优势。我们应该向我们的邻国学习以下诀窍:

Reverse engineering

逆向工程

China has aggressively followed a strategy of copying technology. In fact, many advanced countries have gone through this phase. Like them, India too needs to climb this ladder.

中国积极采用复制科技的战略。实际上,很多科技发达的国家都曾经历过这个阶段。印度也需要像他们一样跨过这道坎。

Developing Both Hard and Soft Capabilities

软硬实力都要发展

China has created both hard and soft capabilities necessary for indigenous innovation. It is equally important to work on soft innovation capabilities, including market reforms, and entrepreneurial skills.

中国兼顾发展本土改革所需的软硬实力。发展改革的软实力也一样重要,包括市场改革和创业能力。

Leadership Direction

领导决定大方向

The top Chinese leadership, composed of technocrats, single-mindedly directs the drive for technological upgradation. China's armed forces have been a part of this endeavour.

中国最高领导人秉承技术至上,一心致力于推动科技升级。中国的武装部队也是这种努力的一部分。

Focused Policy Framework for Indigenisation

专注于本土化的政策框架

China has issued clear guidelines. India needs to do the same.

中国拥有明确的指导方针。印度需要同样做。

Re-engineering Government Structures

政府结构重组

Our neighbour has been experimenting with re-engineering government structures to target them more precisely on the objective of technological upgradation.

我们的邻居已尝试进行政府结构的重组,以更准确地向科技升级的目标努力。

Systemic Reforms and Marketisation

系统性的改革和市场化

China encourages changes in the patent regime, a transition from state to market oriented enterprises and so on.

中国鼓励知识产权领域的改革,使知识产权从国家向(面向市场的)企业转变。

Civil Military Integration

民用军用集成

Beijing has placed faith in the capacity of its dynamic and growing civilian economy to support technological innovation which feeds into military innovation (spin-on effects) as proclaimed in its 16-character policy. It knows that a high tech defence innovation sector cannot exist in isolation from the civilian economy.

正如其在十六字方针中宣告的那样,北京相信,其积极增长的民用经济能力能够支持科技创新,进而(民用科技的创新)推动军事科技的创新(螺旋效果)。总所周知,国防高科技的创新不能够脱离民用经济而存在。

Reforms in Research Institutions and Science Academies

研究机构和科研院所的改革

China has simultaneously reformed its research institutions and science academies in order to make them more market-oriented even while it has retained the development of strategic technologies within the government sector.

中国同时对其研究机构和科研院所进行改革,目的是使它们更加市场化,而战略科技的研发仍保留在政府部门内进行。

Educational Reforms

教育改革

India's neighbour has implemented a range of educational reforms to increase the quantity, quality and delivery of its educational institutions.

印度的邻国已经实施了一定规模的教育改革,以提高教育质量,还有其教育体系的质量和能力。

Smita Purushottam, senior member of the New Delhi-based think tank Institute for Defence Studies & Analyses (IDSA)

【Smita Purushottam,新德里国防研究分析学会(IDSA)智囊团资深成员】

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评论翻译:



Tun Aung (USA) 美国
Even though you can copy exactly the same,result will not be the same.Different nation with different culture need different way to develop .Choose the one suitable for your country.
Agree (0)Disagree (0)Recommend (0)Offensive

即使你完全学习中国,最终的发展结果也不会一样。不同的国家的文化背景不同,需要的发展方式也不同。你们的国家需要选择合适的发展方式。

 
Sumait Naratiwat (Canada) 加拿大
There are moderate Indians out there who are level-headed and humble. If the average Indians are like this and can back to touch base with ancient Asia before contamination and brainwashing by the West, there will be hope for Mother India. Go man go!
Agree (0)Disagree (2)Recommend (0)Offensive

印度还是有一些人是头脑清醒态度谦和的。如果每个印度人都是这样,再回到没有受到西方污染和洗脑的古代亚洲那样的环境里,我们的祖国印度就有希望了。加油哇!

 
Sutham (Canada) 加拿大
There are many level-head Indians out there, ambitious yet pragmatic and humble. There 's hope for Mother India if the average Indians are down to earth like the good old Asians before contamination and brain-washing bt the West. Go man go!
Agree (0)Disagree (2)Recommend (0)Offensive

印度有很多头脑清醒的人,他们雄心万丈而求真务实、态度谦和。如果每个人都像没有受到西方污染和洗脑的优秀的古代亚洲人一样脚踏实地,我们的祖国印度就有希望。加油哇!

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