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日本超过中国成美国国债最大持有国

日本已超过中国成为美国国债的最大官方持有者,这是因为日元汇率下跌吸引更多美元进入该国,而且高回报美元债券受到日本投资者的青睐。中国的人民币与美元挂钩,而美元汇率今年以来大幅反弹。CRT Capital策略师伊恩•林金(Ian Lyngen)表示,中国增长开始放慢,导致该国把更多在外国获得的利润再投资于国内。美国财政部国际资本流动(TIC)最新数据显示,上述趋势导致今年2月中国持有美国国债和债券的总量下跌至1.223万亿美元,去年同期为1.273万亿美元。

译者:简丹
来源:龙腾网 http://www.ltaaa.com/bbs/thread-342704-1-1.html
外文:http://www.marketwatch.com/story/japan-surpasses-china-as-largest-holder-of-us-debt-2015-04-15?siteid=yhoof2


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Japan surpassed China in February as the largest foreign holder of U.S. Treasurys for the first time since 2008, according to Treasury International Capital data released on Wednesday.

据美国财政部于周三发布的国际资本流动数据显示,2月份时日本超过了中国作为美国国债的最大海外持有者,这是自2008年以来的头一次。

A rising dollar, along with fatter yields in the Treasury market, compared to an effective zero-rate policy in Japan lured Japanese investors to the Treasury market, said David O’Malley, CEO of Penn Mutual Asset Management.

相对比日本的一个有效的零利率政策,不断上涨的美元,还有收益率也在变高的国债市场,吸引了大量的日本投资者,佩恩资产管理公司的首席执行官大卫·奥马利说道。

Japanese holdings of Treasurys TMUBMUSD10Y, +0.18% fell by $14.2 billion to $1.224 trillion since January, while China’s holdings declined by $15.4 billion to $1.223 trillion. On a year-over-year basis, Japan’s holdings increased $13.6 billion, while China’s declined $49.2 billion.

日本所持有的美国财政部债券自1月份以来下降142亿美元达到1.224万亿美元,而中国所持资产下降了154亿美元达到1223万亿美元。与去年同期相比,日本所持资产增加了136亿美元,而中国所持资产则下降了492亿美元。

The third biggest holder of U.S. Treasurys in February was a group of countries known as “Caribbean Banking Centers,” which include the Bahamas, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Netherlands Antilles, and Panama. Their total holdings were $350.6 billion, up from $338.5 billion in January.

2月份美国国债的第三大持有者是一群被称为“加勒比银行中心”的国家,包括巴哈马、百慕大、开曼群岛、荷属安的列斯群岛、和巴拿马。他们的总资产为3506亿美元,高于1月份的3385亿美元。

Belgium’s holdings, which surprised the market in January by coming in third with a total of $1.24 trillion, fell back to $345.3 billion in February, a figure more in line with the $341.2 billion in holdings from February 2014.

出人意料的是,比利时所持证券由1月的1.24万亿美元,位列第三,在2月份回落到3453亿美元,这个数字与2014年2月的3412亿美元的资产更相符。

The news comes as the Treasury market wrestles with the Federal Reserve’s plans to raise interest rates, while the European Central Bank and the Bank of Japan are engaged in monetary stimulus.

此新闻发布之际,美国国债市场正忙着应对美国联邦储备理事会(美联储,Fed)计划提高利率,而欧洲央行(ECB)和日本央行(Bank of Japan)正忙于实施货币刺激措施。

As dollar-denominated assets became increasingly attractive for Japanese investors, China rather sought to protect the yuan from declining too much against the dollar.

当以美元计价的资产对日本投资者越来越有吸引力时,中国却在力图保护人民币兑美元的汇率不要下跌太多。

As Win Thin, the global head of emerging-market strategy at Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. in New York told Bloomberg, with the weakness in the currency and the potential outflows, there’s less need or opportunity for the Chinese to accumulate dollar reserves, especially as the economy slows.

正如温胜——布朗兄弟哈里曼公司的全球新兴市场策略主管在纽约告诉彭博社的一样:随着货币的疲软和潜在的货币外流, 中国已经没什么必要也没有多少机会再积累美元储备,特别是在经济放缓时期。

Foreign buying is expected to continue to suppress long-term rates in the U.S., Russ Koesterich, BlackRock’s global chief investment strategist, said in a note. The foreign pressure on U.S. rates was particularly evident in February, as Japanese investors bought their largest amount of Treasuries in seven months.

贝莱德集体全球首席投资策略师拉斯•克斯在一份报告中称,外国收购预计将继续抑制美国的长期利率。美国利率方面来自外国的压力在2月份尤为明显,因为在这个月里日本投资者买下了七个月以来的数量最大的国债。

评论翻译:



See That Drill 31 minutes ago
We are awesome

我们太棒了

 
Kevin Tron from Facebook4 hours ago
U.S currency dictates the world!

美国货币支配世界!

 
Jason D Kilsch from Facebook5 hours ago
NOW I see why Japan has become a new player in the US war game ... they US has no choice BUT to enable them to war time power thanks @MarketWatch

现在我明白为什么日本能成为美国战争游戏中的新玩家了……因为美国别无选择,只能让他们参与战争这要感谢@市场观察网

 
louis tan 6 hours ago
Shinzo Abe has to demonstrate his allegiance. U.S. Treasuries is his way of paying homage.

日本首相安倍晋三(Shinzo Abe)必须要证明他的忠诚。美国国债是他用来表示敬意的方式。

 
Sean Wieland from Facebook6 hours ago
Jeff Quigley

杰夫•奎格利

 
Adam Briller from Facebook6 hours ago
Foreign?..we dropped a bomb on them..we own Japan

外国吗? . .我们在他们那儿曾投下过一枚炸弹…我们自己的日本

 
Steven Carver from Facebook6 hours ago
Japan is dumb

日本是愚蠢的

 
Jack Marxon 6 hours ago
"Belgium’s holdings, which surprised the market in January by coming in third with a total of $1.24 trillion, fell back to $345.3 billion in February, a figure more in line with the $341.2 billion in holdings from February 2014." Also, might have been a typo, since Belgium's Jan 2015 holdings are now shown as 354.6, with nothing close to $1 trillion showing on Belgiums' line. http://www.treasury.gov/ticdata/Publish/mfh.txt

A much more interesting question is who is actually behind the Carribean Banking Centers, or do we care? Surely it is not the governments of those small nation-islands. Hedge funds? Drug dealers?

“出人意料的是,比利时所持证券由1月的1.24万亿美元,位列第三,在2月份回落到3453亿美元,这个数字与2014年2月的3412亿美元的资产更相符。” 这也可能是一个错误,因为2015年1月比利时所控股显示为3546亿美元, 根本没有丝毫接近1万亿美元。

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