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中国科学家造出世界上首列氢能源有轨电车

2015-03-31 14:44 96个评论 字号:

中国科学家造出世界上首列氢能源有轨电车。3月19日,世界首列氢能源有轨电车在南车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司(简称南车四方股份)下线。这是继中国南车研制出世界首列储能式超级电容有轨电车之后的又一力作,它的问世填补了氢能源在全球有轨电车领域应用的空白,使我国一跃成为世界上首个掌握该技术的国家。这是一种主要面向城市公共交通应用的轻型列车,最高运行时速70公里,加满一次氢只需3分钟,可持续行驶达100公里。不仅可全线无接触网运营,也不需要在沿途再设置充电站,解决了此前储能式有轨电车续航里程短的“瓶颈”问题。

译者:一抹红
来源:龙腾网 http://www.ltaaa.com/bbs/thread-340485-1-1.html
外文:http://www.sciencealert.com/chinese-scientists-have-built-the-world-s-first-hydrogen-powered-tram

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In an effort to mitigate the ridiculous amounts of smog that cloud China’s biggest cities, local scientists have teamed up to develop the world’s first hydrogen- fuelled tram.

为了缓和中国最大城市的严重雾霾问题,当地科学家合作研发出了世界上首个氢能源有轨电车

Manufactured by the Sifang Company, which is a subsidiary of the China South Rail Corporation, in conjunction with several research institutions around the country, it gets enough power from one tank of hydrogen to travel 100 kilo metres at a top speed of 70 km/h, and can trans port at least 380 passengers at a time.

该有轨电车是由中国四方机车车辆有限公司制造,这是中国南方铁轨公司的子公司,和国家一些机构合作,可持续行驶100公里,最高运行速度可以达到70公里每小时,同时可以搭载380名乘客

The vehicle, which has been in development for the past two years, has reportedly just rolled off the production line in coastal city of Qing dao last week, so it’s expected to be hitting the streets very soon.

过去两年中国一直在研发该有轨电车,据称上周在青岛下线,有望很快投入使用

What’s so awesome about it is its only emission is water – the temperature inside the fuel cell will be controlled to stop any nitrogen oxides from forming – so it’s doing zero damage to the environment, and at the same time, it doesn’t sacrifice any practicality. It only takes three minutes to refill, and due to the relatively quick routes taken by Chinese public transport users, drivers will only have to refuel a few times a day. It’s also cheap to run, the researchers report.

该研制最牛逼的就是其排放物只有水-燃料电池内部温度会阻止氮氧化合物的形成-所以对环境不会造成伤害。车辆加满一次氢只需要三分钟,而由于中国的公共交通使用者的路线相对较快,该有轨电车每天只需要加氢数次即可,而且非常廉价。

“The average distance of tramcar lines in China is about 15 kilo metres, which means one refill for our tram is enough for three round trips,” Liang Jian ying, chief engineer of the Si fang Company, told the Xin hua news agency.

四方公司的总工程师Liang Jian ying对新华社说道,“中国平均的电车线路长度是15公里,这意味着一次加氢足够电车往返三次”

The tram is a testament to the Chinese government’s commitment to do some thing to figure out it s smog problem. Just last year, the Chinese Environmental Protection Ministry reported that almost 90 per cent of its cities had fallen below the threshold for air safety standards. Now it’s time for the rest of the world to follow suit and get some of these awesome trams on their streets.

此次有轨电车的研发考验了中国政府治理雾霾问题的决心,去年,中国环境保护部门报道称,中国有百分之九十的城市空气质量不达标。现在,是时候世界其他国家仿效中国,在街上多使用这样牛逼的电车了。

评论翻译:

Fluffy Bunny Hugs
About 80 years ago we had a tram in my hometown that emitted only water and fertilizer.

大约八十年前我们家乡就有只排除水和肥料的电车了

 

K e feer
I am quite sure it emitted C O_2 as well.

我很确信这也要排除二氧化碳的

 

Johnny_ Fuck face
You have to generate electricity to electrolyze water to make hydrogen. Why would any one argue that hydrogen is better than taking that electricity to power the car?

你得用电力来电解水从而获得氢气,为什么大家会觉得氢气要比电力驱动车更好呢?

 

Phenomeno m nom
That’s very cool, but the oil and auto industries decided for us, a long time ago, that the U S was not going to be needing a useful, practical rail system, like other 1s t world countries have, thanks very much but no thanks.

这很酷,但长久以来都是石油和汽车行业主导的,美国也不会使用这种使用的电车系统,就像其他第一世界国家一样,非常感谢但不需要了

 

Waz zle doozle
Great. Now produce the hydrogen without fossil fuels and they will have accomplished some thing.

很好,那现在生产不用化石燃料的氢气,那才是真本事

 

Br ning pyre
Chinese scientists have built the world’s first hydrogen-powered tram
Given how often Chinese- made products explode, and how dangerous their rail system has been over the years, I don’t for see a good end for this.

中国科学家造出世界上首列氢能源有轨电车
考虑到中国制造产品爆炸的频率,以及过去多年来他们电车系统的危险性,我不觉得这会有好结果的

 

Electric mink
S o…Where are they getting the hydro gen to power it? Sure, displacing the pollution away from city centers is a worth while thing, but the actual energy to get that hydrogen had to come from some where and it’s probably not with out it s environmental impacts.

所以他们要如何获取氢气能源呢?确实让城市避免污染是值得的,但获取氢气一定要通过某些途径,而不可避免还是会对环境造成影响的

 

Turn about now
Great, how much energy are they using to obtain the hydrogen?

很好,那他们制造氢气那消耗多少能源?

 

K rin dus
I T T: Experts on Energy usage. Thank god we’re all here, now we can fix all the world’s energy problems.

都是能源使用方面的专家,感谢上帝我们都在这里,那现在我们这些专家可以解决一下世界的能源问题了吧

 

R hia nos
Sounds awe some, but aren’t trams every where run with electricity? Which is more convenient and highly practical as well, since trams run on short, well defined routes.

听起来很牛逼,但不是电车都要用电力吗?电力更加的便捷实用,因为有轨电车都是短途确定的路程

 

D nap
Chinese scientists have built the world’s first hydrogen- powered tram
W o w! Chinese are masters of hydrogen powered tram technology! unbelievable. Now if only the rest of the world would follow suit!

中国科学家造出世界上首列氢能源有轨电车
哇!中国现在是氢气电车技术的大师了!不可思议,世界各国都应该跟着学习!

 

G a best
Only 100k m range? That won’t last more than a few hours in a city.

只有100公里?那在城市里这撑不了多久的

 

Animal I dad
Well, it s not efficient and we don’t know the real consequences.. at least not y e t.
At least it s a step forward.. Lessons will be learned and soon progress would be made. Good luck to them.

好吧,这个能源效率不高而且目前还不知效果如何
至少这是进步了,可以从中学习还有什么需要改进的,祝他们好运



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