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Quora问答:印度是“新的中国”吗?

印度是下一个中国吗?印度经济的发展速度是令人难以置信的。许多北美公司在印度设立研发中心和呼叫中心。大多数高端品牌如今印度造。印度是第一个奔火星的亚洲国家。“未来20年里,印度没有能力打败中国。与印度比起来,中国GDP非常高,中国是出口型国家,而印度是进口国家,大多数进口来自中国。中国军队是世界上最庞大的,中国大多数预算花在了科技创新上面。中国高铁时速300公里,是世界上最快的,而印度的特快火车时速才145到160公里之间...”

译文来源:三泰虎博客
外文标题:Is India the new China?
外文地址:http://www.quora.com/Is-India-the-new-China


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Quora问答:印度是“新的中国”吗?

The pace at which the Indian economy is growing is nothing but mind boggling. Many North American companies have their developers and call centres in India. Most top brands are now made in India. They are the first Asian country to go on Mars Mission. What is next for them?

印度经济的发展速度是令人难以置信的。许多北美公司在印度设立研发中心和呼叫中心。大多数高端品牌如今印度造。印度是第一个奔火星的亚洲国家。印度下一步是?

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以下是回答:


译文来源:三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/2015032406.html



Tom WillsTom Wills
No. India's the new India.

不,印度是“新的印度”

 
Bob Hooker
NO

India is not developing a mass middle class, an industrial base, or a unified central government fast enough.

China is utterly unique in current world history. A long established power, probably the oldest continual civilisation on earth, it is re-emerging after a few hundred years of problems. It has a long history of manufacture and trade, and for centuries was the economic centre of the world and a strong independent power, and that is coming back.

India is a piece of the Raj, and entity created by the British made up of disparate pieces. India spent about 1,000 years ruled by outsiders, it has a long way to go before it developed to the level of China. It also lacks strong authority to topple problems, it is utterly corrupt, there is really no accountability anywhere and the vast majority of people are getting nothing from the development, if anything they are made poorer.



印度并未快速培养出庞大的中产阶级,发达的工业基地和统一的中央政府。

在当今世界历史,中国是独一无二的。一个历史悠久的大国,很可能是地球上延续下来的最古老文明,经历数百年的磨难后重新崛起,拥有生产和贸易的悠久历史,数世纪里是世界的经济中心和强大的独立大国

印度是英国糅合起来的一个国家,被外来者统治了1000年左右。要达到中国的水平,印度还有很长的一段路要走。

印度缺乏解决问题的权威,彻头彻尾的腐败,缺少问责,大部分人并未从发展中得到任何实惠,即便有也是变得更穷了。

 
Josef Orappangal
How the hell did you come up with this question?

你怎么会想出这个问题哦?

 
Yasaswi Kadambari
India is not the new China. And India shouldn't try to be China. China's economic growth has picked up pace by virtue of it's manufacturing sector. But as visionaries like Raghuram Rajan warned, a similar model might not suit India. Inspite of the rapid economic growth, India should stick to a realistic development model. It should neither be compared to China, nor should it try to imitate the later.

印度不是“新的中国”,印度也不应该尝试成为中国。

中国经济增长凭借制造业而获得了提速。

但是正如Raghuram Rajan等远见者所警告的,类似的中国模式并不适合印度。

尽管经济增长快速,但是印度应该坚持现实的发展模式。既不应该同中国比较,也不应该尝试模仿后者

 
Suyash Joshi
Miles to go, especially in building infrastructure and executing public projects.

还有很长一段路要走,特别是基础设施建设和公共项目的执行上。

 
Ashant Chalasani
Corruption is a show-stopper in India.

And yes, the comparison is pointless. The development-path of the two countries is rather different.

腐败是印度发展的绊脚石。

是的,中印对比是毫无意义的。两国的发展道路迥异。

 
Anonymous
not possible.
its religion, culture, tradition, illiteracy, corruption, beaucracy, bad goverance, terrible infrastructure, poor sanitation, blabla, too much hindrance

不可能

印度宗教太多,文化多样性,传统守旧,文盲多,腐败横行,官僚主义的束缚,治理不善,基础设施不发达,卫生条件差等等,太多障碍了

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