外文标题：Are there slums in China?
Don Johnson, 囧
15 upvotes by Nick MacGregor Garcia, Yang Binbin, Amanda Tendler, (more)
Yes, but not nearly as many as in other large developing countries.
Huge areas of informally built housing on the edges of cities that aren't served by utilities or public services, like you see in India, Brazil and Africa, basically don't exist in China. However, there areas in many Chinese cities called "城中村," meaning villages in the city, which are slums: very crowded, very poor infrastructure (single water taps serving hundreds of people, no sewage treatment,) few or no parks, open spaces, schools or hospitals. They are almost completely populated by migrant workers.
These places are former villages that have been swallowed up by expanding cities. The former villagers usually live elsewhere in the city and are now landlords, renting out their old houses to migrant workers who need a very cheap place to stay. One big difference between these areas and typical developing world slums is that most people that live in them are employed, and don't consider themselves permanent residents. They also don't have the culture that slum areas in other countries have despite their poverty - more like temporary very cheap worker housing.
Many Chinese cities have made it a priority to demolish "villages in the city" and rebuild the areas with better quality. The problem is that this eliminates badly needed low-cost housing for migrant workers; replacement housing usually is more expensive, even if affordable housing is included.
16 upvotes by Gao Zhihui, Don Johnson, Newman Zhou, (more)
Yes,there're slums in China.
But you don't get to see them often in the centers of Chinese cities because it's simply not allowed.
So most of these so called slums scatter around the outskirts of the cities,and in a much much more smaller scale compared to those in other developing countries.
However with the cities expanding so fast that many urban villages have became strongholds for the those coming from the rural areas looking for a better life (we don't call them slums Although they ARE slums).
From a positive aspect,they provide living space with low rents to people,and introduce new workforces to the cities.But from another angle,the living facilities in the urban villages are sometimes very poor and don't catch up to the needs,sanitation has become a great concern.What's more,they are breeding social problems such as crime,drugs,prostitution,it's quite a headache to the cities.
One picture speaks more than a thousand words.
Here's a photo I took in 2012,Huangbeiling village,single story houses,center of Shenzhen city,20mins away from HongKong.Those girls standing there were prostitutes.
Now the Shenzhen government is taking a great effort to put these villages into reconstruction.
These are what the above looks like now.
Now let's take a look at a successful showcase after the reconstruction project（Tianmian Village,Shenzhen).
4 upvotes by Joseph Boyle, Lycus Ji, Prateek Kumar, (more)
Generally, NO, city land in China is public owned. Chinese government can remove slum before it gets hard to be removed. Usually, peasants all have a small piece of land back home. It doesn't make sense for them to stay in city illegally.
But if you define slum as where poor people live, you can also say that it is everywhere