Maggie Barcellano prepares dinner at her father's house in Austin, Texas, on Saturday, Jan. 25, 2014. Barcellano, who lives with her father, enrolled in the food stamps program to help save up for paramedic training while she works as a home health aide and raises her three-year-old daughter. (AP Photo/Tamir Kalifa) | ASSOCIATED PRESS
WASHINGTON -- Gene Alday, a Republican member of the Mississippi state legislature, apologized last week for telling a reporter that all the African-Americans in his hometown of Walls, Mississippi, are unemployed and on food stamps.
华盛顿 – 吉恩﹒阿尔岱是密西西比州的一位共和党议员，曾经向一位记者表示他家乡密西西比沃尔斯镇上所有的黑人都没工作，全部依赖食品券过活。上周，他为此言论向公众道歉。
"I come from a town where all the blacks are getting food stamps and what I call 'welfare crazy checks,'" Alday said to a reporter for The Clarion-Ledger, a Mississippi newspaper, earlier this month. "They don't work."
阿尔岱议员向密西西比州一家报社 – 《军号集录报》的记者说道：“我家乡小镇上所有的黑人都靠食品券过活，我把食品券叫做：‘疯狂的福利支票’，那些黑人根本不工作。”
Nationally, most of the people who receive benefits from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program are white. According to 2013 data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, which administers the program, 40.2 percent of SNAP recipients are white, 25.7 percent are black, 10.3 percent are Hispanic, 2.1 percent are Asian and 1.2 percent are Native American.
In the two congressional districts that overlap Alday's state legislature district, more African-Americans than whites receive food stamps, according to USDA data.
Twenty-three million households and 47 million Americans received benefits on an average month in 2013; enrollment declined slightly to 22 million households and 46 million individuals in 2014. Three-quarters of those households included a child, an elderly person or someone with a disability. The average monthly benefit per household was $274 in 2013 and $256 last year.
Republicans are conducting a review of nutrition assistance with an eye toward figuring out how to nudge more people into the workforce. In recent years Republicans have lamented that a growing share of recipients are able-bodied adults without children -- a group that made up 10.2 percent of beneficiaries in 2011, up from 6.6 percent before the onset of the Great Recession in 2007. (The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities estimates that 1 million people will be kicked off the rolls by next year as states reimpose time limits on childless, non-disabled adults.)
共和党人正在对营养协助计划进行评估，着眼于推动更多的人参与就业。最近几年，共和党人开始哀叹身体健全的单身成年人在食品援助计划中所占的比重正逐渐增加 – 2011年，他们占总人数的10.2%，比2007年经济危机开始时的数字6.6%有所增长。（预算和政策中心估计明年将有100万人将被踢出食品援助计划的名单，因为各州政服将重新设定身体健全的单身成年人接受食品援助的时限。）
Nearly one-third of food stamp beneficiaries lived in a household where at least one member had some earned income in 2013. Different states have different eligibility rules for the program, but federal law puts the upper income limit at 200 percent of the poverty line, currently $20,090 for a family of three. Many SNAP recipients qualify based on their participation in another means-tested program, such as Medicaid or Temporary Assistance for Needy Families.
Marie Smith · Ewha Womans University · February 28 at 5:34am +1229
This is of course old news, and yet the perception that the typical food stamp recipient is black persists. Blacks do receive a much larger percentage of food stamps in relation to their proportion of the population, and poverty in the black community is something that needs to be addressed. However, in order to have an honest, productive conversation about how to do that, we have to dispel these myths about who is receiving aid, why, and in what amounts.
Malcolm May · West Chester, Pennsylvania · February 28 at 6:00am +996
25% plus of the stamps to a demographic of less than 13% of the population seems pretty telling.
David Bernard · University of the West Indies · February 28 at 6:02am +674
There is a segment of the population that wants to build a narrative that it's mostly black people on Food Stamps, so that they can get rid of the program. Some people honestly believe blacks vote Democrat because they want welfare. It's all part of a larger (racist) narrative, unfortunately.
Kathy Dennis · Lansing Community College · February 28 at 6:02am +160
Malcolm May yes we get that. and that is the point. Plenty of whities hey Malcom.