Hindi topples Mandarin as widely spoken language
MANGALURU: The linguistic research by Jayanti Prasad Nautiyal, deputy general manager, Corporation Bank, shows that Hindi beats Mandarin comfortably as the most spoken language globally.
According to Nautiyal's findings, the number of people speaking Hindi is 1,200 million, while Mandarin is second at 1,050 million. "The number of people speaking Hindi has increased steadily, while there is slow growth in the number of people speaking Mandarin," said Nautiyal, who is also member secretary, Town Official Language Implementation Committee (TOLIC).
He also shed light on some interesting facts. He pointed out that while the world population is 7,02,88,91,239, the total people who know Hindi is 1,20,73,93,250, which means one in six persons in the world knows Hindi.
This work was released by Rajan Kumar, economic advisor, ministry of finance, in a national seminar organised by the finance ministry on World Hindi Day at Lucknow, recently.
On reasons why Mandarin was pushed to the second spot, Nautiyal elaborates: "English is fast becoming the most preferred language in China, while Hindi in its simplicity is endearing itself not just to people of India, but all over the world.
"The data regarding the number of people conversant with Mandarin has been clubbed with the population, and its increase is proportional to the increase in population whereas only those people who knew Khadi Boli (Hindi) were brought under the purview of people knowing Hindi.My research report has brought a substantial change in these statistics," he said.
Nautiyal's study sheds light on the influence of movies and electronic media, observing that Hindi is the favourite of Indian cinema. It is the preferred language of the advertising world on electronic media.
On some linguists raising objections over the treatment of Hindi and Urdu as one language, Nautiyal emphasises that the grammatical structure and syntax of Urdu is identical as that of Hindi. "We can safely say that it is one and the same," he said.
Then why was Hindi relegated to the third and fourth positions? "The linguistic data regarding Hindi by International linguistic organizations and linguistic websites is based on people using Khadi boli (Hindi) only. The data regarding the associate languages of Hindi, such as Rajasthani, Awadhi, Braj, Bihari, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Hariyanavi etc, are not counted as Hindi. Therefore, the data pertaining to those conversant with Hindi is shown as just 500 million, whereas realistically, the number of people conversant with Hindi is 1,200 million,'' he said.
According to his data, only 50% of the Karnataka population speak Hindi. The penetration of Hindi in Tamil Nadu and Nagaland is abysmally low at 20%. Overall, 78% of the population in India speak Hindi. The percentage is just 4.45% when it comes to countries, excluding India, and globally, 17.17% of the population speaks Hindi.
Outside India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal top in speaking Hindi, he said.
There's an error in inference. She said that 120 crore people know hindi. She didn't mention that only 100 crore people know mandarin. English might be preferred language in china, but they also learn mandarin just like we learn hindi. So the question is how many people speak hindi and not how many people know hindi
Malaikallan •18973• •Malappuram•
Great news . The making of our national language . All associated variations should be included without any doubt. There bound to be some sour grapes but just ignore them.
pratul2484•3301• • Malaikallan •
No, although I am from UP, I would oppose Hindi to be made as a national language. We don't need to have this issue in our country at all. I don't want people to start hating Hindi because it is being imposed on others. If some people want to learn it then good for them but nobody HAS TO KNOW IT.
Lets not be arrogant because Hindi is widely spoken but rather be humble and treat every Indian language with equal respect.
komberi•2611• •TN•9 hours ago
Hindi or Sanskrit is glorified by the vested groups but in reality, they are unfit for science and education. Reason: there are too many alphabets. English has 26 alphabets, where as in the Hindi, you have to put some stroke on the top and some shot at the bottom and moreover you have to tie them together with a long bar. This is the reason most Hindutva fanatics educate their children in English.
ERS58 •11646• • komberi •India•
Least number of alphabets is in Rotokas, only 12, should we declare that to be the one for science and education? And just for your information, while searching for papers, I have not only found them in chinese, but in Indonesian and sometimes in Iranian too and all are technical./ science papers. Obviously Chinese at least can't be called with least number of alphabets. Any Idea of the language publication of science in Germany and France? The German language has the stokes, dots,.. on top bottom and elsewhere. The fanatics (including me) teach them in English due to our slave mentality.
And if you think the language of science is English... think again.. as per a study done by University of Columbia, though the majority of papers are in English, however the growth of other language (non-English) are significantly more than English.
Buddhujivi •1199• • komberi •Jamnagar(Gujarat)•
Japanese,Koreans and Chines have more alphabets.the Science and Technology of Japanes,Koreans and to some extent that of Chines are far more superior and versatile than that of Lord Macaulay's children....
God knows how much this survey is true... But one thing is sure ie; English will always remain as the no.1 language .
So what? Quantity without quality doesn't matter. If you listen to these "Hindi-speaking" people, half the vocabulary is in English. How do you call 'Corporation Bank' in Hindi, dumba$$ Nautiyal?
sagar singh•10298• •Durban, South Africa•
Great news to share and be proud to be Indian.