外文标题：In China, projects to make Great Wall feel small
DALIAN (China): The plan here seems far-fetched — a $36 billion tunnel that would run twice the length of the one under the English Channel, and bore deep into one of Asia’s active earthquake zones. When completed, it would be the world’s longest underwater tunnel, creating a rail link between two northern port cities.
Throughout China, equally ambitious projects with multibillion-dollar price tags are already underway. The world’s largest bridge. The biggest airport. The longest gas pipeline. An $80 billion effort to divert water from the south of the country, where it is abundant, to a parched section of the north, along a route that covers more than 1,500 miles.
Such enormous infrastructure projects are a Chinese tradition. From the Great Wall to the Grand Canal and the Three Gorges Dam, this nation for centuries has used colossal public-works projects to showcase its engineering prowess and project its economic might.
Now, as doubts emerge about the country’s three-decade boom, China’s leaders are moving even more aggressively, doubling down on mega-infrastructure. In November, for instance, the powerful National Development and Reform Commission approved plans to spend nearly $115 billion on 21 supersize infrastructure projects, including new airports and high-speed rail lines.
“China has always had this history of mega-projects,” said Huang Yukon, an economist and senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a think tank based in Washington.
“It’s part of the blood, the culture, the nature of its society. To have an impact on the country, they’ve got to be big.”
Whether China really needs this much big infrastructure — or can even afford it — is a contentious issue.
The infrastructure plans run counter to Beijing’s commitment to reduce its heavy reliance on government-led investment to fuel growth. And some economists worry that the country might eventually be mired in enormous debt.
According to China’s National Audit Office, local government debt alone stood at about $3.1 trillion in 2013, more than a third the size of the entire economy. The high level of debt, analysts warn, could stunt growth for a long time.
Even as growth slows, China is promising bigger and bolder infrastructure projects, many with multibillion-dollar price tags. But the country may not be able to afford all of its plans. Here are some of the country’s most notable mega projects, either recently completed or now under construction.
balamohanw w ()
Chinese can do it because they are ruled by Communists and the Red Army. There are no oppositions or any discussions.
Vishesh Dalal (Mumbai, Maharashtra)
China is able to reach such great heights because its nearly uniform demographics. This gives oneness to their objectives, unlike India is multicultural. Running China is like running a country whereas running India is like running a continent. Because of the diversity India would never reach such great heights as China. for Chinese China comes first, for Indians their Marathi, Gujrati, Tamil, Punjabi, Bengali identity come first.
hussain dahod (Mumbai)
The first time I came to China, I was shown around Shanghai by Chinese family. They were family friends of a buddy of mine who had lived in China for the first ten years of his life. So I figured he had, you know, a basic understanding of crippling Chinese faux pas. Before I left the States, I did research on what kind of gift would be good for an affluent Chinese family. There was a Lenox factory in New Jersey (my home state) back in the day, and we had a beautiful clock at my house from it. So I wrapped it up and brought it to China, told my Chinese friend my plan, and he said, “That’s a great idea!” Well the night I gave it to our host, she wouldn’t talk to me for hours afterwards because as it turns out, the (Cantonese) expression for “to give someone a clock” is equivalent to “to attend someone’s funeral,” and suggests that you would like receiver of the gift to die. Oops.
web presence (Pune)
And the good part is, the Chinese have the will and technical capability to execute these massive projects.
When we will see such mega project. For now we have sweet talk from Mr Achche Din!!!
I really appreciate the mega projects they have taken up.. and most of them are 10s of Billions of USD. That is very huge..!.. It is very hard to Understand how Chinese are generating soo much of wealth within..!.. I heard somewhere about Chinese Internal economy.. which is at very high risk of imploding economy..!.. Taking up mega projects .. which goes up to Trillions of USDs in just a decade time..!.. I need to understand more OR I really appreciate if somebody give me more incite on this..!
Amandeep Singh Malhotra (Unknown)
China is developing very fast.
Appa Durai (Coimbatore)
China is riding high in all fronts