外文标题：China family planning: Decades of putting all eggs in one basket
BEIJING: China’s Communist Party leaders have praised their one-child policy for preventing the population from spiralling out of control, but critics say it has spawned decades of forced abortions, infanticide and child trafficking.
China, the world’s most populous country with nearly 1.4 billion people, says the policy has averted 400 million births since 1980, saving scarce food resources and helping to pull families out of poverty.
Critics say it has created a generation of spoilt brats and re-enforced a cultural preference for male heirs who can better take care of their parents in old age, if couples are allowed only one child, many want to make sure it is a boy.
“The parents put all their eggs in one basket,” said Huang Zheng, born in 1980. “This generation carries the burden of too much pressure. But it has already become the norm, because everyone is in the same situation.”
Couples violating the policy have had to pay a fine, or in some cases have been forced to undergo abortions. China fined acclaimed film director Zhang Yimou 7.5 million yuan ($1.24 million) in January for having three children.
But late last year, China changed tack and said it would allow millions of families to have two children, part of a plan to raise fertility rates and ease the financial burden on a rapidly aging population.
Under the old rules, urban couples were permitted a second child if both parents did not have siblings and rural couples were allowed to have two children if their first-born was a girl. But now urban couples can have a second child if just one of them is an only child.
There are other exceptions, including looser rules for ethnic minorities.
That’s why China’s GDP is more than US$7000/capita, while only about US$1500 for Indians. China is a country that can make tough decision for better future. For a person with some didease, you have to had guts to swallow bitter pills.
Though China has prevented birth of 400 million children from 1980 but has creat3ed problems like parents preferring boys in stead of girls. Even boys born after 1980 feels they have to look after their and children as well his parents and woudl have been if they had abrother to share the responsibility
Navin Chandra Mishra (Unknown)
People do not marry since they are unable to afford marriage in China- specially in the cities. You may have a generation of people not knowing what a sibling means. Not learning to share !
Ronak Joshi ()
Make marriage legal for over 21s and cap families to 2 per family…..thi should apply to all regardless of faith. The alternative is oblivion.
Bret Michaels (Unknown)
I, Pledge to the country of India, to my homeland, to have just 1 child for the sake of our limit resources…Jai Hind
Santanu Dash (Bargarh)
Because of this type of strong decision only china is developed now. But in India ?
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Bret Michaels (Unknown)
we desperately need 2 child policy (1 will be hard)……its already too late…..there is no place to walk in mumbai..we live like rats here…………mullahs are forbidden to use condoms or put it in the arse…..they all have 5 kids…….we need some resolution please……!
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Arabinda Datta ()
Very soon present govt. may consider one/two child policy in India compulsurily.