外文标题：Gujarat to be crucial in Xi’s ‘Silk Route’ dream
AHMEDABAD: Even as the visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping promises to write a fresh chapter in Sino-Indian relationship, the start of his India sojourn from Gujarat could not be more symbolic. On the ancient ‘Silk Route’, ports of Gujarat served as links between China and the markets in Europe and the Gulf bringing wealth to Gujarati as well as Chinese traders.
Reviving the ancient route is Xi’s dream and he is striving for it through his ‘New Chinese Silk Route Project’. China needs India — because of its ports and strategic geographical location — as an essential partner for the project.
In this backdrop, Xi meeting Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Gujarati soil may prove crucial for getting India to collaborate in China’s efforts to revive the route. Moreover, India’s cooperation is vital as the ultimate aim of the Chinese is to develop a trading network challenging those dominated by the US-led West.
According to historians, the riches of Gujarati traders in ancient times came largely from the state’s strategic location on the Silk Route. Historian Makrand Mehta mentions in his book ‘Gujarat and the Sea’, that Bharuch was one of the ports that benefited immensely after the Han Dynasty started the trade route in 306 BC.
The ‘spice islands’ of Southeast Asia, including today’s Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia, were important meeting points for Gujarati and Chinese traders from the seventh to the 14th century.
Amdavadis benefited from opium trade
A development in the early 19th century became pivotal for this city. Due to British influence, a large population of China started consuming opium and there was sudden spike in demand for the narcotic for both medicinal and recreational purposes. Seizing this opportunity, entrepreneurs like Hutheesing Kesrising got opium from Malwa (now in Madhya Pradesh) and started exporting it to China through Ghogha and Bombay ports. Other notable businessmen who dealt directly with China from Ahmedabad include Nagarsheth Vakhatchand Khushalchand and his son, Himabhai, along with Karamchand Premchand, ancestors of the Sarabhai family.
19世纪初的一个发展态势成为了这座城市的关键。在英国影响之下，中国大量人口开始吸食鸦片，当地对这种毒品的需求陡增，不仅是出于药用目的，而且是图个娱乐。Hutheesing Kesrising等商人抓住了这个机会，从马尔瓦（今天的中央邦）运来鸦片，然后通过Ghogha和孟买港口出口中国。其他直接与中国展开贸易的著名商人来自艾哈迈达巴德，包括Nagarsheth Vakhatchand Khushalchand和他的儿子Himabhai，以及Sarabhai家族的祖先Karamchand Premchand。
Gujaratis had pedhi in China
Makrand Mehta mentions that ‘Mumbai no Bahar’, a book written by Ratanji Faramji Vacha in 1872, gave an account of Gujarati traders from Bombay establishing trading firms (pedhi) in Chinese port cities such as Canton. The book describes the Chinese as industrious and hard-working but shy people.
Ratanji Faramji Vacha于1872年撰写的著作《Mumbai no Bahar》，叙述了来自孟买的古吉拉特商人在广州等中国港口城市成立贸易公司的历史。这本书形容中国人勤奋刻苦，但是生性害羞。
Appa Durai (Unknown)
Gujarat is more attractive because there is no power shortage there.
DP2 (New Delhi)
Good to imagine and talk about ANCIENT SILK ROUTE DREAM FOR TRADE AND COMMERCE PURPOSES BUT OTHER IMPLICATIONS LINKED need to be taken care of fully.
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Massive improvement in infrastructure during Modi’s decade as CM with better roads and power supply is now paying dividends
Pramod Bhatnagar (West Chester)
If China overpowers its land greed n the two countries reach some permanent border agreement, their cooperation in trade n other fields can put the two on the top of the world. Earlier China realizes this the better for the two.
Karl Kerawalla ()
Gujarat strives for being 3 steps forward. Maharshtra takes 3 steps backwards. The gap wdens & glory of mumbi is lost. SURAT WILL BE DIAMOND HUB WITH INTERNATIONAL AIR PORT. Nargol & 8 other new ports will make JNPT irrelevant. Mumbai port is already becoming redundant & thus being converte to entertainment zone.
gone to the beach (call me)
What a terrible idea.
true silk route was one travelled by marco polo of venice which was overland . part of route was travelled through china’s desert , north india, kashmir , iran , iraq, turkey and into europe . reason for calling it silk route was , in those days was silk , which was only awailable in china . the europeans had never seen such beautiful cloth and demand was high and overland route was created .