从这里了解印度人对中国的看法

印度时报记者:穿越神秘的西藏土地(2)

2014-09-05 15:23 87个评论 字号:

三泰虎9月5日译文,印度时报记者Rudroneel Ghosh:我从北京前往充满神 秘的西藏土地。我完全明白,鉴于其政治历史,所谓的西藏问题唤起了人们广泛的反应。然而,我不是来就这场争论选边站的。实际上,我是过来衡量西藏自治区的 当今现实。就这一点而言,我是幸运的,我发现自己来到了山南地区的泽当镇。而泽当被视为西藏文化的发源地。

译文来源:三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com
外文标题:An Indian in China (Part 2): Journeying through the mystic land of Tibet
外文地址:http://blogs.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/talkingturkey/an-indian-in-china-part-2-journeying-through-the-mystic-land-of-tibet/

I have made my way from Beijing to the mystical land of Tibet. I am well aware that the so-called Tibet issue evokes a wide range of reactions given its political history. However, I am not here to take sides in that debate, in fact far from it. I am here to gauge the reality of the Tibetan Autonomous Region (TAR) as it is today. In this regard, it is my good fortune that I find myself in Zedang in the Shannan prefecture of the TAR. For Zedang is considered to be the very birthplace of Tibetan culture.

我从北京前往充满神秘的西藏土地。我完全明白,鉴于其政治历史,所谓的西藏问题唤起了人们广泛的反应。然而,我不是来就这场争论选边站的。实际上,我是过来衡量西藏自治区的当今现实。就这一点而言,我是幸运的,我发现自己来到了山南地区的泽当镇。而泽当被视为西藏文化的发源地。

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There is a legend in Zedang that it was here that a monkey and an evil goddess started the Tibetan race — Charles Darwin eat your heart out. According to the story, the goddess who falls in love with the monkey commands the latter to marry her or else threatens to destroy all living creatures. The noble simian is sympathetic to the plight of his fellow beings and accepts the goddess’s offer. It is said that their offspring became the first Tibetan to walk the Earth.

泽当有一个传说,说的是一只猴子和一位邪恶女神开启了藏族的繁衍——看来查尔斯达尔文要悲伤透了。相传,女神爱上了猴子,命令这只猴子娶她,否则就威胁摧毁所有生物。这只高贵的猴子同情他人的困境,接受了女神的要求。据称,他们的后代进化成第一位藏人。

【三泰虎注:百度百科上的这个传说是这样的:相传在西藏的神山“贡布山”上有三个仙洞,分别住着一位菩萨、一只因犯了戒律而由神仙变成的猴子和一位美丽的妖女,后来猴子在菩萨的授意下娶了妖女,生下 了六只猴子,猴子一代一代繁衍下去而进化成为今日的藏族。贡布山的猴子洞是藏族的发源地,而它的具体位置就在拉萨东南约200公里的泽当。在泽当,不仅有 刻满经符的猴子洞,而且还有藏族的第一块田和第一间屋。

第一块田坐落于泽当的北面,相传这块田是天神送给猴子种植食粮的,所以每逢播种时,人们都会在神田里抓一把土撒在自己的田上,祈求丰收;第一间屋位于泽当附近的乃东县,相传是藏民为他们的赞普修建的第一座房屋“雍布拉岗”,也是第一代赞普的王宫】

It is clear that Zedang today takes its status as the birthplace of Tibetan culture seriously. Yet it has all the trappings of a modern town complete with department stores, the latest fashion retail outlets, banks, hospitals, schools,etc. Against the backdrop of clouds kissing the Tibetan plateau, it is in Zedang that the past and present of Tibetan Buddhist ethos come together.

显然,今天的泽当接受了藏族文化发源地的地位。然而,泽当拥有现代城镇的所有外部标志,商品琳琅满目的百货公司,最时髦的服装店,银行、医院和学校等应有尽有。天空中的白云亲吻着青藏高原,正是在泽当,过去和今天的藏传佛教精神走到了一起。

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I visit a local artisans’ cooperative where the craftsmen are not only carrying forward centuries-old traditons in weaving fine cashmere in the characteristic Zedang style and painting exquisite Buddhist thankas, but also securing the economic future of the next generation of Zedang’s inhabitants. I am informed that on an average a worker at the cooperative engaged in weaving earns a monthy salary of roughly Rs 18,000 while those engaged in creating thankas earn an average of Rs 30,000 a month. I am left gaping at the fine quality of craftsmanship and cannot help but wonder about the struggles of millions of traditional craftsmen back home in India.

我参观了当地手艺人的合作坊。那些手艺人在编织有泽当特色的羊绒,绘制精美的佛教唐卡(三泰虎注:唐卡(Thang-ga)也叫唐嘎,唐喀,系藏文音译,指用彩缎装裱后悬挂供奉的宗教卷轴画。唐卡是藏族文化中一种独具特色的绘画艺术形式,题材内容涉及藏族的历史、政治、文化和社会生活等诸多领域;传世唐卡大都是藏传佛教和苯教作品),不仅弘扬了悠久的传统,而且确保了泽当居民下一代的经济未来。我被告知,合作坊里平均每位编织工人的月收入为18000卢比,而绘制唐卡的工人的平均月收入是30000卢比。凝视着精湛的手艺品,我禁不住对印度国内数以百万计传统手艺人处于挣扎中感到困惑。

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Next, I visit a Tibetan medical centre/hospital that has been entrusted with the task of preserving the centuries-old wisdom of Tibetan medicine and bringing relief to thousands who seek it. Towards that end, the centre has carefully catalogued scores of manucripts, thankas and other relics important to the history of Tibetan medicine. Such a project preserving a vital part of Tibetan cultural heritage was made possible through the active intervention of the Chinese government and the local TAR authorities.

下一站,我参观了西藏医疗中心。该中心被赋予了保护悠久藏医学智慧的重任,给数以千计寻求藏医治疗的人减轻了痛苦。为此,该中心精心编录了大量手稿、唐卡以及其他对藏医历史具有重要意义的遗物。在中国政府和西藏自治区政府的积极介入下,保护西藏文化遗产重要部分的这一工程成为了可能。

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