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印度科学家在喜玛拉雅高山上发现“灵草”

2014-09-01 19:05 25个评论 字号:

印度科学家喜玛拉雅高山上发现“灵草”。在高峻险恶的喜玛拉雅山顶峰上,维持生命本身就是个挑战。印度科学家说,他们在那儿发现了一种“灵草”,它能调节免疫系统、帮助适应高山环境,而最突出的是,能防止辐射。红景天,一种在寒冷高原气候发现的草药,让印度的顶级科学家们惊讶不已:对“山吉伐尼”的追寻是否就此告成,“山吉伐尼”是罗摩衍那史诗(印度古代叙事诗)中让拉姆的兄弟拉克西曼起死回生的仙草。

译者:ken
来源:http://www.santaihu.com
原址:http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/science/Indian-scientists- find-a-wonder-herb-in-the-high-Himalayas/articleshow/40869492.cms

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Indian scientists find a ‘wonder herb’ in the high Himalayas

印度科学家在喜玛拉雅高山上发现’灵草’

LEH: In the high and hostile peaks of the Himalayas where sustaining life is a challenge in itself, Indian scientists say they have found a “wonder herb” which can regulate the immune system, help adapt to the mountain environment and, above all, protect from radioactivity.

列城:在高峻险恶的喜玛拉雅山顶峰上,维持生命本身就是个挑战。印度科学家说,他们在那儿发现了一种“灵草”,它能调节免疫系统、帮助适应高山环境,而最突出的是,能防止辐射。

Rhodiola, a herb found in the cold and highland climate, has led India’s leading scientists to wonder if it is the end to the quest for “sanjeevani”, the mythical herb that gave renewed life to Ram’s brother Lakshman in the epic Ramayana.

红景天,一种在寒冷高原气候发现的草药,让印度的顶级科学家们惊讶不已:对“山吉伐尼”的追寻是否就此告成,“山吉伐尼”是罗摩衍那史诗(印度古代叙事诗)中让拉姆的兄弟拉克西曼起死回生的仙草。

Locally called “solo” in Ladakh, the qualities of Rhodiola were largely unknown so far. The leafy parts of the plant were used as vegetable by locals. However, research by the Leh-based Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR) is exploring the therapeutic values of the herb that shows it can do wonders for the troops posted in difficult high altitude areas like the 5,400m-high Siachen glacier.

拉达克当地称红景天为“薮罗”,其功效至今鲜为人知。当地人把这植物的叶子当蔬菜食用。然而,正在探索这草药治疗价值的列城’高海拔研究国防学院’的研究显示,它对驻在高海拔坚苦地区,比如高达5,400米的锡亚琴冰川上的部队能起神效。

“Rhodiola is a wonder plant that has immunomodulatory (enhancing immune), adaptogenic (adapting to difficult climatic condition) and radio-protecting abilities due to presence of secondary metabolites and phytoactive compounds unique to the plant,” RB Srivastava, director, DIHAR, told IANS.

“红景天是一种神奇的植物, 其体内独一无二的次生代谢产物和光合物,使它具有免疫调节(增加免疫)、生理调节(适应艰难环境条件)和防止射线的功能,” ‘高海拔研究国防学院’院长RB 斯里伐斯塔伐告诉印亚通讯社说。

Srivastava said the herb can mitigate the effects of gamma radiation used in bombs in biochemical warfare.

斯里伐斯塔伐说,这药草能减缓生化战zha弹中伽马射线的作用。

“A concerted effort involving conservation, propagation and sustainable utilization of this unique medicinal herb will surely result in rediscovery of sanjeevani for the troops deployed in extreme climatic condition along Himalayan frontiers,” said the director.

“涉及到对这独特草药保护、繁殖、持续利用这些方面的协同努力,必将为沿着喜玛拉雅前线极端气候条件下部署的部队重新发现’仙草’,” 这位院长说。

The Leh-based lab of the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), the world’s highest agro-animal research laboratory, has been researching on this wonder plant for more than a decade.

这个设在列城的’国防研究开发组织’的实验室 – 世界上海拔最高的农业、动物研究所,10多年来对这神奇的植物进行了持续的研究。

“While its adaptogenic qualities can help the soldiers in adjusting to the low pressure-low oxygen environment, the plant has also been found to have anti-depressant and appetizer properties,” said Srivastava.​

“它的生理调节功效能帮助士兵们适应低压、低氧环境,同时,还发现这种植物具有抗抑郁、增食欲的功用,” 斯里伐斯塔伐说。

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In the barren glacier of Siachen where white is the only colour visible for miles, depression is a problem troops face. The high altitude and harsh climate also make them lose appetite.

在荒脊的锡亚琴冰川上,放眼望去多少英里,尽是白色。抑郁是部队面临的一个问题。高海拔和恶劣气候也让他们失去胃口。

DIHAR has already developed herbal adaptogenic appetizer, and herbal adaptogenic performance enhancer that improves performance in extreme high altitude conditions, and has been highly appreciated by the Army.

‘高海拔研究国防学院’已经开发了’生理调节开胃草药’,以及在极端高海拔条件下提高功能的’生理调节功能强化草药’,並受到军队的高度赞扬。

Rhodiola is also found in other parts of the world with other countries like the US and China engaging in research on the wonder herb.

世界上其它地方也发现了红景天,並且像美国和中国这些国家也在从事对这神奇药草的研究。

The plant has been used in traditional Chinese medicine to combat high-altitude sickness, while in Mongolia physicians prescribed it for tuberculosis and cancer.

中药用这种植物防治高山病,而蒙古医生对肺结核和癌症开此药方。

Researchers in Russia studied its impact on athletes and later on cosmonauts.

俄罗斯科研人员研究了它对运动员的作用,后来还研究了它对宇航员的作用。

Some other qualities the plant is found to be containing in studies across the world include fast recovery after heavy workout, memory enhancement, and cardiac stress reduction.

世界范围内,对这植物研究发现的一些其它功效包括:高强度运动后快速恢复、强化记忆以及降低心脏压力。

“Our research reveals its potential for anti-aging, tissue regeneration, protecting neurons during lack of oxygen, and cognitive improvement,” said Sunil Hota, who is working on investigating medicinal properties of the plant at DIHAR.

“我们的研究揭示,它有潜在抗衰老、组织再生、缺氧条件下保护大脑神经和提高认知这些功用,” 在’高海拔研究国防学院’调研该植物药用价值的苏尼尔.何塔说。

OP Chaurasia, ethnobotanist with DIHAR for nearly two decades, told IANS that they have successfully established a field gene bank and Rhodiola plantation of nearly two acres in the premise of the laboratory.

在’高海拔研究国防学院’工作了將近20年的民族植物学家,OP.措拉西亚告诉印亚通讯社说,在实验室园地内,他们成功地建立了一个野外基因库和一片将近2英亩的红景天种植园。

“We are trying in vitro propagation of the plant to increase its population,” added Chaurasia.

“我们在尝试用试管繁殖这种植物以增加其数量,”措拉西亚补充说。

以下为评论:

译者:ken
来源: http://www.santaihu.com/2014090105.html

rajan loknathan (chennai / trivandrum)

Great discovery if true. Now the foreign pharmaceutical companies will come and take it and get patent for it while we will still think and talk about it.

要是真的,就是伟大的发现。现在外国制药公司会来取它並获取专利,而我们对这还将是想想说说而已。

Harpuri (USA)

It is reinventing the wheel. Rhodiola is well known in Russia and has become popular in the Western world also for a decadfe or so. Then what is new about it.

这是在重新发明轮子。红景天在俄罗斯众所周知,並且在西方世界也已经流行10年左右了。所以这有什么新鲜。

Gehendra Dhakal ()

Great to know now indian population isn’t going to decrease

现在知道印度人口不会下降了,真棒

nishi (Location

A great discovery !!

伟大的发现!!

Suchita Ghosh Mitra (New Delhi, India)

A great achievement. Keep it up.

巨大成就。继续努力。

natasha (PUNE)

if Chinese are already using this herb as medicine then why the article is say that Indian scientist discovered it.. May be the author wants to say that Indian scientist found this medicine in India too..

要是中国人已经用这草作药材,那为什么这文章还说印度科学家发现了它…也许作者想说印度科学家在印度也发现了这药材…

Name (Location) replies to natasha

A wide range of organs from wild animals, oceans, flora and fauna are used by Chinese. If Columbus invented India, Chinese invented Rhodiola.

中国人利用种类繁多的野生、海洋动物器官,各种动植物。如果说哥伦布发现了印度,那么中国人发现了红景天。

Satish Khot (Unknown)

Is it really a “sanjeevani”?

这真是’仙草’吗?

reetika berry (New Delhi)

Kudos to our scientists….keep up the good work (Rhodiola – the wonder flower)

向我们的科学家致敬…继续做出好成绩(红景天- 神花)

Dinesh Kumar J (goa) replies to Satish Khot

There are many chemicals present in very ordinary looking plants which are not yet fully analysed or understood.Our ancient savants knew far more about plants than we do today.There is the story of the great Jeevak,who as a student was told by his teacher to find something totally devoid of medicinal properties.Well,Jeevak disappeared into the forest and vanished for several days.His acharya,along with his entire contingent of disciples found him wandering around,clothes torn and dishevelled muttering,”Naiv anaushdham Kaschit.” Roughly translate,”There is nothing that does not have medicinal properties.” Jeevak,by the way,lived 500 Years B.C.!

样子非常普通的植物里存在许多化学物质,对它们我们或者没有做过彻底分析, 或者不了解。我们古代智者对植物远比我们知道得多。有个关于圣人吉伐克的故事。他为学子时,师父叫他去找些完全没有药用价值的东西。于是吉伐克没入丛林,失踪了好多天。他宗师和一大帮弟子找到他时,他正四下徘徊,衣衫褴褛不整,喃喃自语:“Naiv anaushdham Kaschit.” 大意为,“世上没有无药用价值的东西。” 顺便提一下,吉伐克生活在公元前500年!

AKANKSHA ()

finding out is not just a goal…We need to make it useful before any other country like China gets the patent over it..

仅仅发现不是目的…我们要在中国那样的其它国家获取专利之前开发利用它…

Rohan (USA)

You just blew it up! Now China will not just find but use all the benefits mentioned…

你正好点了个炮!现在中国人不但会发现,还会利用说到的全部好处…

Name (Location) replies to Rohan

we are all humans, let anyone use what they want to use. we will not die if china uses it , nor they will live for ever.

我们都是人,谁想用啥就用啥。中国人用了它我们也不会死,他们也不会长生不老。

thomas cheenath (India) replies to Name

Gods are jealous of their creations since none of the Gods allow man to live for ever

没哪个神仙允许人们长生不老,他们嫉妒自己的造物。

ash (Location)

in our vedas / ayurveda / traditional medicine which are all based on plants are most effective without giving serious side effect . china is spending big money investigating their traditional herbal medicine and also training doctors . chinese herbals have achieved acceptance in the west with many practitioners . india needs to do same . create databank of all traditional medicine utilised in whole of india . have reseach labs to prove effecy of these plants . train doctors specialising in this field . promote it overseas . drug manufacturers will hate you for doing this as it will hurt their multi billion dollar industry .

我们的吠陀/阿育吠陀/传统医学,用的全是植物,最为有效,没有严重的副作用。中国在花大钱研究他们的传统草药医学,培训医生。中草药在西方得到认可,有许多从业人员。印度需要一样去做。建立在印度全国应用的所有传统医药数据库。设立研究所来证实这些植物的效用。培训该领域的专业医生。向海外堆广。制药厂会因为做这些事而恨你,因为这会伤害到它们数十亿美元的产业。

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  1. 不用说了早晚是韩国的。不过这些印度大叔肯定没来过中国,电视上红景天的护肤品***天天有。他们太大惊小怪了。

  2. 我还发现个秘密,吃了红景天后左手就解放了,并学会左右开弓,这个嘛是秘密我不告诉你。

  3. 中国中草药有上千年的积淀和智慧,有它独特的疗效,至今在理论体系上还无法判断它的科学性,但有些病它确实治好啦,相信印度的草药也是如此,我不是中医,不懂这其中的奥妙,希望中国中医能建构完整的中医科学理论体系,让中医更好的服务于人类。

  4. 红景天主要作用是健脾益气,清肺止咳活血化瘀, 主要用于脾气虚证肺阴虚,肺热咳嗽等, 还可用于跌打损伤 。药理作用是抗疲劳抗寒冷抗微波辐射, 能增强脑干网状系统的兴奋性, 增强甲状腺肾上腺分泌功能, 促使血红蛋白增加。红景天一般野生于向阳山坡、石隙、高山草甸、高山岩石缝、山坡草地、灌丛边缘以及高山干燥的沙质土壤中。分布于黑龙江、吉林、西藏及云南西北部、宁夏、甘肃、青海、四川、西藏等地;在欧洲北部至苏联、蒙古、朝鲜、日本亦有分布。目前在网上可以见到许多相应的保健商品。常见品牌有;义和祥、 普济仁堂 、早润、 贝兴、 奇正、上虹、 碧源清、 金诃、 修正、 汉草荟、 可可西里、 鼎尊堂。