外文标题：1/3rd of world’s extreme poor in India: UN study
NEW DELHI: India is home to the largest number of poor with one-third of the world's 1.2 billion extreme poor living here. It also had the highest number of under-five deaths in the world in 2012, with 1.4 million children dying before reaching their fifth birthday, according to the UN Millennium Development Goals report 2014.
Poverty rates in Southern Asia fell from 51% in 1990 to 30% two decades later with China leading the way. Extreme poverty in China came down from 60% in 1990 to 16% in 2005 and 12% in 2010. In India poverty reduction was sluggish in comparison coming down from 49.4% in 1994 to 42% in 2005 and 32.7% in 2010. Two-thirds of the extreme poor (those who lived on income less than $ 1 a day) live in India, China, Nigeria, Bangladesh and Congo.
Commenting on the report, minority affairs minister Najma Heptulla said its findings present a challenge to the government under Narendra Modi and that it would be able to surmount it. "Good days will come," she said. "We don't have to be proud of what we have done. Poverty is the biggest challenge ... I am sure when the next report comes, we will have done much better," she said, stressing on the Prime Minister's commitment to poverty elimination and his mantra of "sabka saath sabka vikas (With all, development for all)".
According to the report, almost 60% of the people who defecate in open reside in India, which also accounted for 17% of global maternal deaths. South Asia has halved its under-five mortality but in 2012 the region accounted for 2.1 million of the 6.6 million deaths in children under five worldwide and has the second highest under-five mortality rate among all regions with sub-Saharan Africa being the worst.
South Asia, of which India is the largest and most populous country, has fared worse than other Asian regions in most of the parameters. The region has, however, done well in school enrolment.
p u r g e (jk)
There’s a long history of many Indian communities becoming poor and disenfranchised due to dislocation under Islamic and British oppression, and many of them turned into present day Dalits.
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And they said india is developing.
And we are going around claiming we are going to be advanced nation in 10 years! Stop blaming others and see how many poor you have helped get out of the circle of poverty.
John Dawson (Unknown)
I hope Mr. Modi acts on these numbers - it's really sad to know that there are so many poor people in India and the previous governments have really not done much for their upliftment. How can India develop into an industrialized nation if more than 400 million of the total population lives below the poverty line?
why is this news. we all know it
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chandra patel ()
india is home to the largest democracy.
Young Indian Power (Unknown)
What a bad situation in India. Thousand Tonnes of the food are destroyed due to poor storage as well as improper monitoring of distribution system. Still we have 35% of population poor. The major reason could be the birth control policy as well as low education. The poor peoples are never educated about the poverty or how to improve the poverty. Government does make the policy only on paper as well as makes the announcement to win the election but never takes pain to provide the Medical facilities as well as how to do the Population control
Da Venks (Unknown)
I think we must first remove poverty from our hearts... stop overspending. spend what you need, "want not waste not". Cook only the food that is required. If more is made, share with others irrespective of race, creed - but just as humans.
Very discouraging report.. Our politicians are involved in corruption only.Poor & rich gap is increasing day by day. Now the Modi govermrnt will do some thing to improve the condition.
Samir Kumar Kanjilal (Unknown)
This is a feather in our cap. We may not win the gold medal in Olympic in sports event but we have ensured GOLD MEDAL in such events.
Thanks to Congress and its 60 yrs rule of scams and Ghotalas.
Poverty is a natural phenomena dependent on climate.Harnessing Nature is next impossibility. so is eradication of poverty.
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And we plan to spend Rs 200 cr on a statue! WTF!!!
B R V SHANBHAG (bangalore)
This is the gift of 60 years rule congress in this country. Hats off to them.
India is the only country in the world where parents kill their unborn baby girls. (20 million per year)
B@Ushit , We are gonna have the highest numbers of Bullet trains
indeed the greatest challenge for the govt and shame for the nation
Krish Iyer (usa)
Thanks to pseudosocialism of Congress regime for getting such honour.