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中国发现世界上最古老裤子,可追溯至3000年前

三泰虎6月5日译文,新研究发现,人类早在3000年前就开始穿裤子了。在新疆塔里木盆地的洋海古墓内发现了两条裤子。碳年代测定显示这些大约是3000年前的裤子,是迄今为止发现的最古老裤子。中德研究人员表示裤子是为了方便骑马而设计的。他们的发现被刊登在《国际第四纪》杂志上。许多历史学家认为,长期骑马会引起皮肤过敏和不适,裤子正是为了方便骑马而发明的。

译文来源:三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/2014060501.html
外文标题:World's oldest trousers found in ancient Chinese graveyard
外文地址:http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/world/china/Worlds-oldest-trousers-found-in-ancient-Chinese-graveyard/articleshow/36042003.cms


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NEW DELHI: Men started using trousers as far back as 3000 years ago, new research has found. A pair of trousers was discovered in an ancient graveyard in China's Tarim Basin in Xinjiang province. Carbon dating showed that it was about 3000 years old making it the oldest specimen of the trousers ever found.

The researchers, who are from Germany and China, suggest that the garment was developed to make it riding horses easy. Their findings are published in the journal Quaternary International.

新研究发现,人类早在3000年前就开始穿裤子了。在新疆塔里木盆地的洋海古墓内发现了两条裤子。碳年代测定显示这些大约是3000年前的裤子,是迄今为止发现的最古老裤子。

中德研究人员表示裤子是为了方便骑马而设计的。他们的发现被刊登在《国际第四纪》杂志上。

中德科学家正在分析一件皮毛大衣 中德科学家正在分析一件皮毛大衣

The Tarim Basin in western China is host to the famous Yanghai tombs, an ancient burial ground containing over 500 graves going back thousands of years. Researchers found mummified corpses of two adult males of about 40 years age, both wearing trousers. Carbon dating was used to establish the age of the garments in the time interval between the 13th and the 10th century BCE.

Along with the bodies, a horse bit made of wood, a whip, a bow and a battle-axe were also found. This suggests that the two men were herders and warriors, using horses for getting around. The cut of the trousers also indicates that they were designed to be worn by horse back riders.

中国西部的塔里木盆地坐落着著名的洋海古墓,已经发掘出了500多座古墓。研究人员发现两名大约40岁成年男子的木乃伊尸体,两人都穿着裤子。碳年代测定法发现这些裤子的年代介于公元前13世纪和10世纪之间。

此外,墓葬内还发现一条马鞭、一个木制马嚼子、一把战斧以及一把弓。这表明两名男子可能是牧民,也可能是士兵。裤子的裁剪表明是为了骑马而设计的。

Each pair of trousers was made from three pieces of cloth, one for each leg and a central, crotch piece. Each had a belt made of strings. The researchers noted that no cutting of cloth was needed as each cloth piece was shaped on the loom. Each pant leg also had cross stitching that appeared to serve a purely decorative function.

Many historians believe that trousers were invented as a means of riding horses-riding for a long time can cause skin irritation and discomfort. The trousers worn by horse riders likely migrated to other people, the theory goes, who chose to adopt them for unknown reasons. Its likely modifications were made because riding pants are not particularly comfortable for walking or engaging in everyday life. Prior to trousers, people of both genders tended to wear tunics, robes, togas, etc. It is also generally believed that horse riding by humans began approximately 4000 years ago, which suggests trouser wearing began long before the two men in the Yanghai gravesite donned theirs.

在设计上,两条裤子采用三块布料,一块用于腿部,一块用于胯部,上有编织花纹装饰,腰部使用绳子扎紧。

许多历史学家认为,长期骑马会引起皮肤过敏和不适,裤子正是为了方便骑马而发明的。游牧民族开始穿裤子,其他人因一些未知原因而采用了裤子。由于穿着骑马裤走起路来或者从事日常生活并非特别舒适,所以裤子可能经过了一些改良。在裤子出现之前,不管男女都穿长袍、宽外袍等传统服饰。人们普遍认为,人类的骑马史可追溯到4000年前,说明裤子也拥有同样悠久的历史。

以下是《印度时报》读者的评论:



Pia (Haldia)
Probably the concept of trousers existed centuries before this 3000 years but there is no existence of any evidence.

或许3000年前还不存在裤子这个概念,就是找不到任何证据。

scamnivas (Madras)
They were not called 'trousers' then!
Agree (1)Disagree (0)Recommend (1)

当时不叫裤子吧!

Veerendra Kumar (Bangalore)
Great discovery.

伟大的发现

Sjit (Bangalore)
Please check thoroughly,it may be jean but China faking as 3000 year old just to claim superiority

请彻底检查,或许是牛仔裤啊,中国作假说是3000年前的,就是为了宣称比别人更优越。

Satish Khot (Unknown)
Nice discovery!
Agree (1)Disagree (0)Recommend (1)

很赞的发现!

Arindam Ray (Calcutta, India)
great

棒极了

Venkat Modi (Delhi)
Mr. Modi keeps coming with new ideas to inspire Indians. If he manages to implement these ideas, the course of India's growth will be guaranteed.

莫迪先生持续以新理念激励国人,如果他成功实现这些想法,印度的经济增长就会得到保证。

Yassy (Location) replies to Venkat Modi
Which Idea? Wearing trousers ?


什么想法?穿裤子?


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