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世界前20大稻米生产国,中国第一印度第二

三泰虎4月11日译文,印度Rediff原题:世界前20大稻米生产国。据报道,大米是农村人口的一种主食、主要依靠和食物保障,主要由手握土地面积不足一公顷的小农户种植。大米也是从事经济作物种植或非农领域工人用工资购买的商品。对于亚洲以及拉丁美洲、加勒比海和非洲的大多数人来说,大米是重要的营养来源,也是世界一半以上人口食物保障的核心。发展中国家占了大米总产量的95%。

译文来源:三泰虎博客
原文标题:20 biggest major rice producers in the world
原文链接:http://www.rediff.com/business/slide-show/slide-show-1-20-biggest-rice-producers-in-the-world/20130408.htm




世界前20大稻米生产国,中国第一印度第二

Rice is a major food staple and a mainstay for the rural population and their food security. It is mainly cultivated by small farmers in holdings of less than one hectare.

Rice is also a wage commodity for workers in the cash crop or non-agricultural sectors. Rice is vital for the nutrition of much of the population in Asia, as well as in Latin America and the Caribbean and in Africa; it is central to the food security of over half the world population. Developing countries account for 95 per cent of the total production.

Let's take a look at some of the major rice producers in the world.

大米是农村人口的一种主食、主要依靠和食物保障,主要由手握土地面积不足一公顷的小农户种植。

大米也是从事经济作物种植或非农领域工人用工资购买的商品。对于亚洲以及拉丁美洲、加勒比海和非洲的大多数人来说,大米是重要的营养来源,也是世界一半以上人口食物保障的核心。发展中国家占了大米总产量的95%。

让我们看一看世界主要的大米生产国:













































































































世界前20大稻米生产国
排名国家产量
1中国2.026亿吨
2印度1.557亿吨
3印尼6570万吨
4孟加拉国5060万吨
5越南4230万吨
6泰国3450万吨
7缅甸3280万吨
8菲律宾1660万吨
9巴西1340万吨
10柬埔寨870万吨
11日本840万吨
12美国830万吨
13韩国630万吨
14巴基斯坦610万吨
15埃及560万吨
16马达加斯加500万吨
17尼日利亚450万吨
18尼泊尔440万吨
19斯里兰卡380万吨
20伊朗320万吨


以下是印度网民的评论:


译文来源:三泰虎博客



rice production
by rvrajan rajan

Govt fixes price of the paddy at a very low level, as a result small farmers are not getting adequate return. Therefore, rice production goes down in India

印度政府把大米价格定得很低,结果小农户没有获得足够的回报。因此,印度的大米产量有在下滑。

Rice production
by Satya Dey

Since independence if govt. would take care of the health of land and farmer first before implementing heavy industries then we could be first position in the world. Because agriculture is the first step of civilisation.

自独立以来,如果政府在搞重工业前先打理好土地和照顾好农民,那么我们可能高居世界第一,农业是文明的第一步。

Surprises
by shivram adithya

I thought India's production would be too low when compared with China but it is not. For the land area under Rice production we are better.

Another surprise.
Pakistan which has wonderful river network is very much lower in the table.

我以为印度的产量相比中国会非常低,但并非是那样。

我们用于大米种植的耕地面积更可观。

另一个意外是:巴基斯坦拥有四通八达的河流网,居然在榜单中排名如此低。

Re: Surprises
by Such jano
I am surprise Pakistan is still in the list, i thought they would set up jehadi training capms in all possible land their only global world class product.


我吃惊的是巴基斯坦居然跻身榜单中,我原以为他们在所有可供使用的土地上建立了圣战训练营,这是他们唯一的世界级产品。


Re: Surprises
by Srinivasan Ramachandran
Never feel happy about more area under rice cultivation. India's area under rice more than twice that of China. But, China's per acre productivity is more than twice that of India. That is why China is No.1.


从未对印度用于种植稻米的土地面积更大高兴过。印度种植稻米的土地面积是中国的两倍,但中国的亩产量是印度的两倍多,这就是中国排第一的原因。



China surpassed India
by Nikus Kumar

bad news

中国超过了印度

坏消息

Re: China surpassed India
by Tamil Arasan
It is always ahead of us in rice production, and considering china population and 3 times bigger land mass - India has not done bad...however India can surpass China if proper measures are taken...


中国大米产量一直领先于我们。考虑到中国的人口和三倍大的面积——印度的表现并不差......然而如果采取得当措施,那么印度可以超过中国....


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